sociology resit

socialisation etc

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Functionalist

-Society is a system that is based on cooperation

-Every part of the social structure has a function

-Family produces and rears children which makes a future generation of workers

-socialises children into dominant values of society

-Everything in society fits  together for a purpose

-Great stress is placed on shared values and moral consensus which are essential for ensuring cohesion and harmony in society

-People are often bought up in similar environemtns in the same society, therefore they may often sahre common values

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Marxist

-Capitalist society causes conflict between rich upper class and exploited working class- opposing interests cause constant battle

-Formal social control- the ruling class use the police and military to threaten any rebles with force

-naked force is dangerous and so socialisation often occurs through schools etc which conflict theorists say is 'brainwashing' people

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Feminism

-the Gender system (the divide between men and women) is the main cause of conflict in society because men are benefited at the expense of women

-Patriachy- Religion also separates the importance of men and women as men are still seen as more important as  marriage vows claims that a woman has to serve her husband. Also parents might pay for their sons education rather than their daughters

-Feminists do a lot of research into the extent to which this patriachy is present

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Interactionism

-Don't see sociwety as a totoally rigid structure and instead place emphasis on peoples individulal rights and freedoms

-We make roles as well as taking them

-No 2 people play the same role in society and therefore we are not copntrolled puppets

-society is a process of social interaction and constant human activity

-In society there are a lot fo shared values but there will never be complete consensus of views

-Social stability is learned from the process of society and the negotiation between groups of people

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Postmodern society

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