- capitalist cultrual skills such a knowing how to behave,speak and learn and are passed on by middile-class parents to thier children
- Judgements based on universally agreed principles
Judgements based on the exclusive views of a particular group.
Corespondence theory - Principle
Bowles and Gintis theory that various aspects of economic production (work) have corrospnding features in the education system.
controling peoples belief and desires and convincing them that it is in thier intrest to behave that way.
Ideological State Appratus
Maintainging the ruling of the Bourgeousie by controling peoples ideas and beliefs.
Repressive State Appratus
Maintaining the ruling for the Bourgeoieise using physical force to repress people e.g police and army.
A belief that the education system rewards everyone who achieve status and and rewards of eduactional sucess through thier own efforts.
Myth of Meritocracy
The view that it is not true that the education system rewards pupils on the basis of merit.
making more resources available to schools in poorer areas in order to compenstae for deprivation.
A system that offers 3 types of schools
- secondry technical
- secondry modern
for those students allocated to abilities and results of tests.
A school were all pupils are taught within the same institution
Self fulfiling prophecy
a label or belief which becomes true because it is believed to be true
deprivation due to lack of money
Consists of gramatical errors and is very less analytic -berstiens discription of workingclass speech
new labours policy of giving the unemployed and single mothers money to attend FE
girls into science and technology a goverment initiative
1994 education act
Te theory that many working class children are inadquetly socialised therefore lack the right culture needed for educations success.
e.g families value deferred gratification
Includes those things that are learnt without being formally taught e.g wearing school uniform,and every day workings of the schoolsuch asattitudes as obedience, and competitveness.
postponing immediate rewards and pleasures with the aim of having greater pleasure in the future e.g staying in and revising other than hanging out with mates.
wanting immediate rewards or pleasures with the aim of not keeping the future in mind at all e.g going out with mates instead of actually revising ur socks of.
Behaviour that does not conform to the norms of a society or group
Treating people differeny becauseofthier differencesin race/ethinicity/gender/religiouse beliefs etc.
A belief that whatever will be will be and thers nothing youcan do to chnage your status.
contrasts with middle class values cos they emphasis that you can change you future your self through hard work and effort.
valueing being part of a group rather than indvidual success
Social class subcultures
A group of different social classes that have different social classes that have different norms and values.
Being deprived of social activities and not being able to live a life whcih people are unable to recieve the quality of life.
Emphasising white middle class culture at the expense of other cultures.
Durkhiems terms idea of education witin schools promoting the differentnormsandvalues which help people feel as partof a social community
pro school subculture
Norms and values of a social group which favour the education system and follow the norms and values of schools which leads to academic achievement.
peer group status
Being seen as important in the eyes of your friends.
The same through out
Being put into sets according to ability.
The arrangement,character or fundamental values peculier to a specific person,person,people,culture or organisation.
Those children whos parents are mainly working class,
they lack cultural capital and ind it dificult to make sense of the education market.
Disconnected - local choosers
Parents who have a restricted choice because of the lack of economic and cultrual capital
Mainly professional working class parents who have cultrual capital to gain education capital for thier children.
A process in which pupils respond to streaming by moving towards one of the opposites,
> Anti-school subculture
> Pro-school subculture
How teachers categorise pupils accordig to thier ability
> Streaming into social classes