sociology Education unit


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cultural capital

  • capitalist cultrual skills such a knowing how to behave,speak and learn and are passed on by middile-class parents to thier children
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Universalistioc standards

  • Judgements based on universally agreed principles
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Particularistic Standards

Judgements based on the exclusive views of a particular group.

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Corespondence theory - Principle

Bowles and Gintis theory that various aspects of economic production (work) have corrospnding features in the education system.

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Ideological control

controling peoples belief and desires and convincing them that it is in thier intrest to behave that way.

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Ideological State Appratus

Maintainging the ruling of the Bourgeousie by controling peoples ideas and beliefs.

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Repressive State Appratus

Maintaining the ruling for the Bourgeoieise using physical force to repress people e.g police and army.

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A belief that the education system rewards everyone who achieve status and and rewards of eduactional sucess through thier own efforts.

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Myth of Meritocracy

The view that it is not true that the education system rewards pupils on the basis of merit.

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Compensatory education

making more resources available to schools in poorer areas in order to compenstae for deprivation.

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Tripartitie system

A system that offers 3 types of schools

  • Grammar
  • secondry technical
  • secondry modern

for those students allocated to abilities and results of tests.

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A school were all pupils are taught within the same institution

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Self fulfiling prophecy

a label or belief which becomes true because it is believed to be true

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material deprivation

deprivation due to lack of money

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restricted code

Consists of gramatical errors and is very less analytic -berstiens discription of workingclass speech

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new deal

new labours policy of giving the unemployed and single mothers money to attend FE

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girls into science and technology a goverment  initiative

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Butler act

1994 education act

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Cultural Deprivation

Te theory that many  working class children are inadquetly socialised therefore lack the right culture needed for educations success.

e.g families value deferred gratification

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Hidden curriculum

Includes those things that are learnt without being formally taught e.g wearing school uniform,and every day workings of the schoolsuch asattitudes as obedience, and competitveness.

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Deferred grtification

postponing immediate rewards and pleasures with the aim of having greater pleasure in the future e.g staying in and revising other than hanging out with mates.

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immediate gratification

wanting immediate rewards or pleasures with the aim of not keeping the future in mind at all e.g going out with mates instead of actually revising ur socks of.

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Behaviour that does not conform to the norms of a society or group

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Treating people differeny becauseofthier differencesin race/ethinicity/gender/religiouse beliefs etc.

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A belief that whatever will be will be and thers nothing youcan do to chnage your status.

contrasts with middle class values cos they emphasis that you can change you future your  self through hard work and effort.

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valueing being part of a group rather than indvidual success

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Social class subcultures

A group of different social classes that have different social classes that have different norms and values.

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social deprivation

Being deprived of social activities and not being able to live a life whcih people are unable to recieve the quality of life.

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Emphasising white middle class culture at the expense of other cultures.

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Social Solidarity

Durkhiems terms idea of education witin schools promoting the differentnormsandvalues which help people feel as partof a social community

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pro school subculture

Norms and values of a  social group which favour the education system and follow the norms and values of schools which leads to academic achievement.

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peer group status

Being seen as important in the eyes of your friends.

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The same through out

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Being put into sets according to ability.

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The arrangement,character or fundamental values peculier to a specific person,person,people,culture or organisation.

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Semi-skilled choosers

Those children whos parents are mainly working class,

they lack cultural capital and ind it dificult to make sense of the education market.

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Disconnected - local choosers

Parents who have a restricted choice because of the lack of  economic and cultrual capital

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Privillaged choosers

Mainly professional working class parents who have cultrual  capital to gain education capital for thier children.

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A process in which pupils respond to streaming by moving towards one of the opposites,

> Anti-school subculture

> Pro-school subculture

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How teachers categorise pupils accordig to thier ability

> Streaming into social classes

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bushra mehnaz


key wors for education bit in sociology...

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