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  • Created by: jac
  • Created on: 20-04-12 18:32

Functionalism

Rôle of Functionalism; see society as harmonious

  • Society must share same norms and values to create social solidarity

  • social institutions eg. Education preform a positive function by socialising societies members and sustain social solidarity.

  • Conservative view on society, only focuses on positive aspects (criticised for this)

Two Key Questions functionalist asks

  1. What are the functions of education for society as a whole?

  2. What are functional relationships between education and other parts of the social system?

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Durkheim – Education and solidarity


Identifies two main functions of education

Social Solidarity

  • Main function of education transmitting norms and values between generations

  • Necessary to create Social solidarity, to feel part of a wider community

  • Correspondence theory; School is society/workplace in miniature, through enforcing
    rules/
    hidden curriculum

Teaching Specialist Skills

  • Also believe it is used to teach individuals specialist skills so they can take place withins a highly complex division of labour.

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Criticisms, EVALUATION

  • Marxists argue Ed.institutions transmit a dominant culture, serving the ruling class

  • Studies such as by Willis show transmission of norms and values not always successful as anti school subcultures are formed

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Parsons - Bridge Theory

Education acts as a bridge for socialisation between the family and wider society
- Status within family is ascribed for a child and standards change and apply to them solely
- In wider society an individual is judge against standards which apply equally to all members of society eg Law
-Education allows to bridge this gap eg. Uniform, rules, merit

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Criticism - Evaluatin

  • Dennis wrong argues functionalists wrongly imply pupilspassively accept all they are taught and never reect school values
  • Parsons assumes western education systems are fairy mericratic, when the existanc eof privae education and inequalities tied to scoial class, gender and ethnicity challeng this view 
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Davis and Moore - Role Allocation

  • Believe education sifts and sorts peopleaccording to their ability
  • Most talented who achieve higher qualifications which lead to functionallly important jobs with high rewards
  • This lead sto inequalities in society which is natual an desirable in capatalist socities as there is only a limited amount of talet
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