Rôle of Functionalism; see society as harmonious
Society must share same norms and values to create social solidarity
social institutions eg. Education preform a positive function by socialising societies members and sustain social solidarity.
Conservative view on society, only focuses on positive aspects (criticised for this)
Two Key Questions functionalist asks
What are the functions of education for society as a whole?
What are functional relationships between education and other parts of the social system?
Durkheim – Education and solidarity
Identifies two main functions of education
Main function of education transmitting norms and values between generations
Necessary to create Social solidarity, to feel part of a wider community
Correspondence theory; School is society/workplace in miniature, through enforcing
Teaching Specialist Skills
Also believe it is used to teach individuals specialist skills so they can take place withins a highly complex division of labour.
Marxists argue Ed.institutions transmit a dominant culture, serving the ruling class
Studies such as by Willis show transmission of norms and values not always successful as anti school subcultures are formed
Parsons - Bridge Theory
Education acts as a bridge for socialisation between the family and wider society
- Status within family is ascribed for a child and standards change and apply to them solely
- In wider society an individual is judge against standards which apply equally to all members of society eg Law
-Education allows to bridge this gap eg. Uniform, rules, merit
Criticism - Evaluatin
- Dennis wrong argues functionalists wrongly imply pupilspassively accept all they are taught and never reect school values
- Parsons assumes western education systems are fairy mericratic, when the existanc eof privae education and inequalities tied to scoial class, gender and ethnicity challeng this view
Davis and Moore - Role Allocation
- Believe education sifts and sorts peopleaccording to their ability
- Most talented who achieve higher qualifications which lead to functionallly important jobs with high rewards
- This lead sto inequalities in society which is natual an desirable in capatalist socities as there is only a limited amount of talet