Sociological perspectives on education

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  • Created by: Bri bri
  • Created on: 16-05-13 18:51

Functionalism

What role of education should be

- To provide equal oppertunities,promote growth, create social solidarity 

What education actually does

-To provide equal oppertunities,promote growth, create social solidarity 

What needs to be changed

-Nothing much 

View of inequality in education

-It is meritocratic so there are no unfair inequalities 

View on education and economy 

-Vital for successful economy 

How influential and when

-Very influential in 1940s and 1950s

Main Criticisms

-Ignores evidence of lack of meritocracy and other problems

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Marxism

What role of education should it be

-Not clear- it can serve useful functions in capitalism 

What education actually does

-Reproduces class inequality,produce docile workers

What needs to be changed

-Society needs to change,i.e communism introduced

View of inequalities in education

- They produce existing class inequalities

View on education and economy

-Controlled by dominant economic class

How influential and when

- Popular in 1970s, but little influences of policies

Main criticisms

-Ignores gender, ignores problems with communism

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