Socio-Cultural Studies

Key Terms 

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  • Created by: Ryan
  • Created on: 16-04-12 21:07

Physical Activity

Physical Activity-Anything that gets the body and heart rate pumping harder than at rest.  Also an umbrella term containing physical and outdoor rec, Physical and outdoor ed and sport.

Exercise-Planned physical activity requiring effort to get an inprovement in health and fitness.

Health Balanced Lifestyles-Getting the balence right with diet, exercise and injury and illness prevention.

Lifetime Sport-Activities that can be done over the course of your lifetime such as golf.

Sedentary Lifestyle-Being unactive and doing under the guidelines for physical activity

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Barriers To Participation

Opportunity-The chance to take part based on factors including time and money

Provision-The avalibility of facilities and equipment which allow for participation.

Esteem-The confidence to take part

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Physical Activities

Physical Recreation-Physical activities that are persued for a variety of reasons and benefits at an unsophistigated level.

Outdoor Rec-Take place in the natural environment pursued for a variety of differnet reasons and benefits.

Sport-Serious elite professionals with specialist equipment and facilities.

Physical Education-Organised and planned incuded in the National curriculum.

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Sport Charecteristics

Sledging-Attempting to undermine opponents by verbally abusing.

Physical Prowess-Skill

Physical Endeavour-Effort


Gamesmanship-Stretching the rules to gain an unfair advantage.

Devienve-Seriously breaking the rules.

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Sport and Culture

Society-A community of people bound together by similar traditions.

Culture-The traditions, beliefs, practices, sports and social behaviour of a society.

Sport and Culture-The link between a particular society and the physical activities that they do.

Ethnic Identity-Unique behaviour, cultural traits and charecteristics of a group based on tradition.

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19th Century Public Schools

The house system- Lived in houses these are the home of social and sporting life.

Assistant masters-Junior masters who did not have the responsabilty to run a house but taught an academic subject and were involved in games programme.

Charecter building-Developing strength of mind and feeling usually with testing and difficult experiences.

Games Ethic-A belief in the value of team games for the development of charecter.

NGB's-National governing bodies

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Approaches to Sport

Amateur- Someone who participates for pleasure not financial gain.

Professional-Paid to participate.

Amateur approach to sport-Unreliable, inconsistant and erratic methods.

Professional Approach-Using more reliable and consistant methods towards sport.

Gentlemen Amateur-Wealthy upperclass individuals who excelled at sport.

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USA And Australia

Capitalism-Corporate ownership and the investment of money for profit.

Conferance-Similar to league

Franchise-The business that owns amd has voting rights for a team.

Colonialism-When a more dominant country takes over and rules a less dominant country.

White Australia Policy-Restricted non-white immigration to Australia from 1901-1973.

Indigenous Population-The origianal inhabitants of a country.

Bush Culture-The individuality, pioneering spirit, ruggedness and stamina which suits sport today.

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Types of funding

Public Funding-Funding from the government and local authories such as national lottery.

Private Funding-Funding from businesses, companies and investors whose main aim is to make money.

Voluntary funding-Funding from donations and charities or local clubs.

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Organisational Bodies

Decentralised-When parts of a system are not self governed.

Grass roots clubs-Community clubs that get people involved at a grass roots level.

Performance level-A support service designed for athletes which helps them to create a winning environment.

UK Sport-Develops elite sport in the UK.

National Institutes Of Sport-The networks of centres that provide practical supportto elite performers.

Develoved-A system that is decentralised wiith power for the NGB's

Initiative-A scheme, proposal or plan.

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Minority Groups

Society-The people who live in communitys.

Culture-Immigration-When people enter a new country.

Discrimination-Unfair treatment of certain groups in society.

Attitudes-Outlooks feelings or thoughts.

Assumptions-Theories or guesses about something that may be unfounded or unproven.


Stereotyping-Labelling or pigeon holing people.

Social exclusion-The negative results of facotrs such as low income.

Socialisation-The process by which people learn acceptable cultural beliefs and behaviour.

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Drugs, Media, Sponsorship and Violence.

Counter Culture suggestion-An idea that is different to the larger society.

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Olympic Games

Principle-The beliefs or ethics behind an idea.

Aim-Intention, purpose or objective.

Olympic Movement-The philosophy of the olympic games

Olympic Charter-The 'rule book on how the games are run and governed.

Commercialisation-Using the games in a business manner to make profit.

University Scholarship system-The top performers in the usa get free uni education and train full time.

sponsorship-Giving money or goods to get publicity and to increase profit.

TV rights-TV companies by the rights to certain sporting events.

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Olympics continued

'Shop window Effect'- When sporting success equates with political success and positive role models to promote the countrys status.

Communism-A centralised political system no democracy.

Elitism-To be exclusive and select the best.

Functional effects-Helpful or useful results

Dysfunctional effects-Unhelpful results by failure to act in a normally acceptable way.

Appeasement-To pacify or to provide a feel good factor.

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