Physical Activity-Anything that gets the body and heart rate pumping harder than at rest. Also an umbrella term containing physical and outdoor rec, Physical and outdoor ed and sport.
Exercise-Planned physical activity requiring effort to get an inprovement in health and fitness.
Health Balanced Lifestyles-Getting the balence right with diet, exercise and injury and illness prevention.
Lifetime Sport-Activities that can be done over the course of your lifetime such as golf.
Sedentary Lifestyle-Being unactive and doing under the guidelines for physical activity
Barriers To Participation
Opportunity-The chance to take part based on factors including time and money
Provision-The avalibility of facilities and equipment which allow for participation.
Esteem-The confidence to take part
Physical Recreation-Physical activities that are persued for a variety of reasons and benefits at an unsophistigated level.
Outdoor Rec-Take place in the natural environment pursued for a variety of differnet reasons and benefits.
Sport-Serious elite professionals with specialist equipment and facilities.
Physical Education-Organised and planned incuded in the National curriculum.
Sledging-Attempting to undermine opponents by verbally abusing.
Gamesmanship-Stretching the rules to gain an unfair advantage.
Devienve-Seriously breaking the rules.
Sport and Culture
Society-A community of people bound together by similar traditions.
Culture-The traditions, beliefs, practices, sports and social behaviour of a society.
Sport and Culture-The link between a particular society and the physical activities that they do.
Ethnic Identity-Unique behaviour, cultural traits and charecteristics of a group based on tradition.
19th Century Public Schools
The house system- Lived in houses these are the home of social and sporting life.
Assistant masters-Junior masters who did not have the responsabilty to run a house but taught an academic subject and were involved in games programme.
Charecter building-Developing strength of mind and feeling usually with testing and difficult experiences.
Games Ethic-A belief in the value of team games for the development of charecter.
NGB's-National governing bodies
Approaches to Sport
Amateur- Someone who participates for pleasure not financial gain.
Professional-Paid to participate.
Amateur approach to sport-Unreliable, inconsistant and erratic methods.
Professional Approach-Using more reliable and consistant methods towards sport.
Gentlemen Amateur-Wealthy upperclass individuals who excelled at sport.
USA And Australia
Capitalism-Corporate ownership and the investment of money for profit.
Conferance-Similar to league
Franchise-The business that owns amd has voting rights for a team.
Colonialism-When a more dominant country takes over and rules a less dominant country.
White Australia Policy-Restricted non-white immigration to Australia from 1901-1973.
Indigenous Population-The origianal inhabitants of a country.
Bush Culture-The individuality, pioneering spirit, ruggedness and stamina which suits sport today.
Types of funding
Public Funding-Funding from the government and local authories such as national lottery.
Private Funding-Funding from businesses, companies and investors whose main aim is to make money.
Voluntary funding-Funding from donations and charities or local clubs.
Decentralised-When parts of a system are not self governed.
Grass roots clubs-Community clubs that get people involved at a grass roots level.
Performance level-A support service designed for athletes which helps them to create a winning environment.
UK Sport-Develops elite sport in the UK.
National Institutes Of Sport-The networks of centres that provide practical supportto elite performers.
Develoved-A system that is decentralised wiith power for the NGB's
Initiative-A scheme, proposal or plan.
Society-The people who live in communitys.
Culture-Immigration-When people enter a new country.
Discrimination-Unfair treatment of certain groups in society.
Attitudes-Outlooks feelings or thoughts.
Assumptions-Theories or guesses about something that may be unfounded or unproven.
Stereotyping-Labelling or pigeon holing people.
Social exclusion-The negative results of facotrs such as low income.
Socialisation-The process by which people learn acceptable cultural beliefs and behaviour.
Drugs, Media, Sponsorship and Violence.
Counter Culture suggestion-An idea that is different to the larger society.
Principle-The beliefs or ethics behind an idea.
Aim-Intention, purpose or objective.
Olympic Movement-The philosophy of the olympic games
Olympic Charter-The 'rule book on how the games are run and governed.
Commercialisation-Using the games in a business manner to make profit.
University Scholarship system-The top performers in the usa get free uni education and train full time.
sponsorship-Giving money or goods to get publicity and to increase profit.
TV rights-TV companies by the rights to certain sporting events.
'Shop window Effect'- When sporting success equates with political success and positive role models to promote the countrys status.
Communism-A centralised political system no democracy.
Elitism-To be exclusive and select the best.
Functional effects-Helpful or useful results
Dysfunctional effects-Unhelpful results by failure to act in a normally acceptable way.
Appeasement-To pacify or to provide a feel good factor.