social psychological approaches for aggression

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social learning theory

  • aggression is learned through observing the behaviour and consequences of role models 
  • children learn behaviour through vicarious reinforcement, if the role model is rewarded for their behaviour then it is likely to be immitated
  • the direct consequences from the behaviour also impact the likelyhood of doing the behaviour

Evaluation- the children that watched the adult be aggressive to the doll were more aggressive to the doll than the group who saw the non aggressive video

- the daily homicide rate always increases following a screening of a boxing match

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deindividuation

  • triggered by being in a large crowd, wearing a uniform or drugs and alcohol
  • based on primitive urges/ aggression and ignores social norms, because the individual is unlikely to be identified causing them to lose their identity and self control

Evaluation- those wearing a uniform gave more electric shocks than those wearing a name badge

- those dressed as nurses gave less electric shocks than those wearing a kkk uniform

- 10 out of 21 suicides occured at night with a large crowd far away taunting to victum

- man are more likely to be aggressive than women 

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institutional aggression

deprivation model

  • the deprivation of normal life and loss of control causes aggression in prisons
  • aggression may be used as an attempt to gain control and some desirable experiences

importation model

  • aggression in prisons is because of the people in the prison, they have committed crimes and are likely to have different ethics and life experiences 

Evaluation- prison regimes with high deprivation had more assaults than lower deprivation prisons

- research has shown that deprivation levels remain constant while aggression happens in waves of calm and violence 

- prisons with maxium security imates had higher levels of assult 

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