Social Key Issue

Bullying

NSPCC figures suggest nearly half of children/young people (46%) have been bullied at school at some point in their lives. Bullying can take many forms from teasing to causing physical harm. 45% of young people experience bullying before the age of 18.

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Impacts on Society

  • This issue can impact people of all ages, but it is usually young people that are affected.
  • More that 16,000 young people are absent from school because of bullying.
  • 30% have gone on to self harm as a result of bullying.
  • 10% have attempted to commit suicide.
  • Those who have been bullied are twice as likely to have difficulty in keeping a job when they are older.
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Concepts/Theories

  • Realistic conflict theory and social identity theory can be applied to bullying that arises as a consequence of prejudice, such as because of someone's race or religion.
  • Social identity theory can explain this through social comparison; people tend to show in-group favouritism and negative out-group bias, in terms of bullying to minority groups. 
  • Realistic conflict theory suggests that prejudice can arise when two groups are in competition. When you get prejudice, it often leads to things like bullying. This theory also suggests that you can reduce prejudice, and therefore bullying, by introducing superordinate goals.
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