Skeletal Tissues

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  • Relatively Soft
  • Slightly Elastic

Cartilage is avascular. This means that it doesn't have any veins or arteries in it, and creates its own blood supply.

Cartilage absorbs its nutrients from surrounding capillaries by difusion

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Hyaline (Articular) Cartilage

At all joints that freely move, for example, the knee.


  • Very Strong
  • Shock absorbing - able to withstand/absorb impact
  • Blue-ish in colour
  • Can thicken in response to exercise
  • Can soak up synovial fluid produced by the synovial membrane of joints to improve/reduce friction
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White Fibrocartilage


  • Very dense - much more so than hyaline cartilage
  • This type of cartilage forms the outermost layer at moveable joints, e.g. the meniscus of the knee
  • It has exceptional absorption properties

Other areas are:

  • Ankles
  • Knees
  • Hips
  • Spine


  • Long Jump
  • Football
  • Gymnastics
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Yellow Elastic Cartilage


  • Soft
  • Pliable
  • Flexible Tissue
  • Has a certain level of support

It is found in the ear

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