General facts about Sikhism
- Sikhism began in India in the 15th Century
- Began by Guru Nanak (Guru=respected teacher)
- Guru Nanak was first of 10 Gurus
- Sikh Holy Book - Guru Granth Sahib
- Sikh place of worship - Gurdwara (Guru's door)
- Sikhs often call God Satnam (true name)
- Raheguru - wonderful Lord
- 20 million Sikhs in world today
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- He was the first Guru
- Born in 1469 CE in a village called Talwindi
- His parents were Hindus
- His work colleagues were Muslims
- He married when he was 19. Had two sons.
- He disappeared for three days. When he returned the first thing he said was 'There is neither Hindu nor Muslim, only God's path. I shall follow God's path.'
- He had a vision. He had been told by God to spend the rest of his life teaching people.
- He spent 20 tears travelling.
- His message was that you find God in the way you live and what you believe.
- Guru Nanak chose the next Guru by dropping a cup into a muddy ditch. His sons refused to pick it up, only Angad would.
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- Khalsa means 'the pure ones'
- the members were called the 'panj piare' - the beloved ones
- the khalsa was created during the time of the tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh
- Sikhs were being persecuted and killed for their faith so they needed a fighting force to defend the faith.
- Members of the Khalsa all had to drink 'amrit' from the same bowl to show they were equal
- Amrit is a mixture of sugar and water stirred with a two edged sword the 'khanda'
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The five Ks
- Kesh - uncut hair, this includes not shaving and combing hair twice a day
- Kangha - a small wooden comb, is a symbol of cleanliness
- Kirpan - a short sword that reminds Sikhs that it is their duty to fight against evil
- Kara - plain steel bangle worn on right wrist, shows one God and one truth without beginning or end
- Kachera - short trousers worn as underwear
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- Sikh place of worship is called the Gurdwara.
- Gurdwara means gods house.
- when you go in the gurdwara you haveto take off your shoes and socks and wash your feet.
- Sikhs meet and worship in diwan hall.
- takht means throne andmanji is the special stool forthe guru granth sahib.
- the langer is a meal following the service.
- services in a gurdwara are usely held in punjabi.
- The ardas- is a special prayerwhich lasts about 15 at the end of the service.
- the person reading the granth sahib is called granthi
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Guru Granth Sahib
- Its the most important sikhs holy book
- The holy book was started by Guru Nanak and finshed by Guru Gobind Singh. it contains hymns written by all the Gurus.
- The first copy was printed in 1852.
- Every copy of Guru Granth Sahib has 1430 pages and same hymns on the same pages.
- Many sikhs have a smaller copy of the Guru Granth Sahib called a Gutka.
- Manji- stool for ther Guru Granth Sahib
- Chauri-its a fan made of hair or feathers.
- Rumalas- special cloth to cover the Guru Granth Sahib.
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