Shared Music- Baroque and Classical Music

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  • Created by: Zoe Tai
  • Created on: 04-12-12 10:15

Baroque 1650-1750 Chamber music

Solo Sonatas and trio sonatas accompanied by continuo

Contrapuntal or homophonic

Dynamics change suddenly- Terraced dynamics

Same mood throughout

Clear cadences

Balanced phrases


Trills and ornaments

Composers: Bach, Vivaldi, Handel

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Classical 17-50-1820 Chamber music

String quartet, string quintet, Wind quintet, Piano quartet

Often melody with accompaniment

Dynamics change more subtly

More contrasts and changes in mood

Clear cadences

Balanced phrases


Instruments can share melody and change role

Question and answer

Composers: Mozart, Haydn

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Classical Concerto 1750-1820 general features

Clarity of line

Balance of form

Regular phrases

Often simple chords

Symphony Orchestra established

Orchestra used as sections

String section are the main body of the orchestra

Gradual changes in dynamics

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Concerto characteristics

Piece for soloist and orchestra

3 movements: fast, slow, fast

Shows off soloist's virtuosity in combination with orchestra's range of timbres, textures and dynamics

At end of 1st movement, occasionally last, pause on V chord allowing for a cadenza

Cadenza ends with a long trill to bring orchestra back in

Cadenzas are improvised or written down by the composer


Alternates between solo and tutti sections

Virtuostic playing by soloist

Performed in grand concerts halls across Europe

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