Kaye and Bower 1994: babies can guess what a dummy should look like from their experience of sucking one.
•Bower 1965: –6-8 week old Babies were conditioned (check your methods sheet for how this is done) to look at a 30 cm cube place 1 metre away. –Then they were shown 3 different cubes: •A 30cm cube placed 3metres away, (which gave a smaller retinal image than the original.) •A 90cm cube, 1 metre away (larger retinal image) • They looked at the one that gave the same size image. A 90cm cube 3 metres away (same size image)
Pattern perception (leads onto face recognition as
•Newborns –Can discriminate between stripes and a uniform surface •Fantz (1961) newborns prefer to look at patterns rather than dull stimuli and prefer more complex visual patterns as they get older.
Face perception: A special form of pattern percept
Infants prefer looking at complex patterns such as faces: •They prefer human faces by 2-7 months old & can recognise mum’s face (Fantz)-
By 3 months they prefer human faces that have symmetrical features (Maurer & Maurer, 1988).
Maybe because of the way they look at faces – initially they scan the outside and later the internal features such as mouth, eyes and nose.