Legislations

Legislation that help protect the rights and responsibilites of individuals

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  • Created by: Roryn
  • Created on: 15-05-14 14:10

Race Relations Act

AIM- to end discrimination based on race

FEATURES- Illegal to treat someone of a different ethnic group/ race less favourably than someone else.

Gives ethnic groups rights,opportunites

Cant incite racial hatred

System of redress in place- a process where people can complain about services

This act applies to Education, Employment, Access to goods, Facilities and Services.

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Disability Discrimination Act

AIM- to end discrimination based on diability.

FEATURES- Illegal to treat a disabled person less favourably than someone else.

Gives disabled people rights, opportunities

Reasonable adjustments to facilities

System of redress in place- a process where people can complain about a service.

This act applies to Education, Employment, Access to goods, Facilities and Services

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Children Act

AIM- to protects the welfare of children

FEATURES- Paramountcy, Priority, Partnership, Participation,

Parental Responsibility, Protection

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Sex Discrimination Act

AIM- to end discrimination based on gender

FEATURES- Illegal to treat a man/woman less favourably than someone else.

Gives all genders rights, opportunities.

System of redress in place- a process where individuals can complain about a service.

This act applies to Education, Employment, Access to goods, Facilites and Services.

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Mental Health Act

AIM- to protect people with mental health problems and the public.

FEATURES- Formal Patients

Assessment and treatment

Consent to Treatment

Right to appeal

Right to information

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Human Rights Act

AIM- to ensure all have basic human rights met.

FEATURES- European law enforced in UK outlining basic human rights that all can expect:

Key principles that are outlined:

  • Right to Life
  • Right to a fair trial
  • Right to freedom of expression
  • Right to expression
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Data Protection Act

AIM- regulation of processing information, including obtaining, holding, use or disclosure of such information.

FEATURES- Personal data must be obtained failrly and lawfully-both electronic and manual data.

Kept up to date and accurate, not be kept longer than necessary.

Personal date should not be transfered to a country outside the European Economic Area unless specific exemptions apply.

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Access to Healh Care Records Act

AIM- right to have access to health information written about themselves since November 1st 1991.

FEATURES- Covers all written records, but restrictions on computer records.

Service user must make a direct request in writing to service provider.

Charge may be made

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Access to Personal Files Act

AIM- to allow people access to material recorded about them after April 1st 1998 that an authority holds.

FEATURES- Individuals can see the information about them.

Information about other people must be removed

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NHS & Community Care Act

AIM- to provide people with a chronic illness or in need of care, who would have lived in a state run institution, would now be able to live either in their own home, with adaquate care and support, or in a residential home setting.

FEATURES- local authority is expected to assess the care needs of any person with a disability, impairment, illness or mental health problem, decide what package of care is needeed to meet the individuals needs.

Refrences may be made to:

  • idea of creating a 'mixed economy of care'- care in their own home, residential care.
  • concerns regarding the cost of the existing system
  • changes in the attitude towards care practice
  • demographic reasons-people are now living longer so need more care.
  • political views about family responsibilites- family members caring for the individual/s who need it.
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Work and Families Act

AIM-  to ensure people have statuatory rights to leave and pay in connection with the birth or adoption of children or a dependant.

FEATURES- Right to request flexible working: compressed hours, flexi-time, home working,job sharing, staggered hours,term time working.

Have right to take a reasonable amount of time off work to deal with an emergency involving a dependant.

Right to request parental leave after one year of service.

Right to request leave arrangements, paid or unpaid are up to the employer, to cover intensive periods of care.

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Health and Safety at Work Act

AIM- sets out general duties which employers have towards employees and members of the public, and employess have to themselves and to each other.

FEATURES- Looks at what risks and takes sensible measures to tackle them.

Main requirement on employers is to carry out a risk assesment, make arrangements for implementing the health and safety measures identified by the risk assesment:

  • appoint competent people (often themselves or colleagues) to implement the arrangements.
  • set up emergency procedures
  • provide clear information and trainin to employees
  • work together with other employess sharing the same workplace.

Employees also have responsibility

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