Race Relations Act
AIM- to end discrimination based on race
FEATURES- Illegal to treat someone of a different ethnic group/ race less favourably than someone else.
Gives ethnic groups rights,opportunites
Cant incite racial hatred
System of redress in place- a process where people can complain about services
This act applies to Education, Employment, Access to goods, Facilities and Services.
Disability Discrimination Act
AIM- to end discrimination based on diability.
FEATURES- Illegal to treat a disabled person less favourably than someone else.
Gives disabled people rights, opportunities
Reasonable adjustments to facilities
System of redress in place- a process where people can complain about a service.
This act applies to Education, Employment, Access to goods, Facilities and Services
AIM- to protects the welfare of children
FEATURES- Paramountcy, Priority, Partnership, Participation,
Parental Responsibility, Protection
Sex Discrimination Act
AIM- to end discrimination based on gender
FEATURES- Illegal to treat a man/woman less favourably than someone else.
Gives all genders rights, opportunities.
System of redress in place- a process where individuals can complain about a service.
This act applies to Education, Employment, Access to goods, Facilites and Services.
Mental Health Act
AIM- to protect people with mental health problems and the public.
FEATURES- Formal Patients
Assessment and treatment
Consent to Treatment
Right to appeal
Right to information
Human Rights Act
AIM- to ensure all have basic human rights met.
FEATURES- European law enforced in UK outlining basic human rights that all can expect:
Key principles that are outlined:
- Right to Life
- Right to a fair trial
- Right to freedom of expression
- Right to expression
Data Protection Act
AIM- regulation of processing information, including obtaining, holding, use or disclosure of such information.
FEATURES- Personal data must be obtained failrly and lawfully-both electronic and manual data.
Kept up to date and accurate, not be kept longer than necessary.
Personal date should not be transfered to a country outside the European Economic Area unless specific exemptions apply.
Access to Healh Care Records Act
AIM- right to have access to health information written about themselves since November 1st 1991.
FEATURES- Covers all written records, but restrictions on computer records.
Service user must make a direct request in writing to service provider.
Charge may be made
Access to Personal Files Act
AIM- to allow people access to material recorded about them after April 1st 1998 that an authority holds.
FEATURES- Individuals can see the information about them.
Information about other people must be removed
NHS & Community Care Act
AIM- to provide people with a chronic illness or in need of care, who would have lived in a state run institution, would now be able to live either in their own home, with adaquate care and support, or in a residential home setting.
FEATURES- local authority is expected to assess the care needs of any person with a disability, impairment, illness or mental health problem, decide what package of care is needeed to meet the individuals needs.
Refrences may be made to:
- idea of creating a 'mixed economy of care'- care in their own home, residential care.
- concerns regarding the cost of the existing system
- changes in the attitude towards care practice
- demographic reasons-people are now living longer so need more care.
- political views about family responsibilites- family members caring for the individual/s who need it.
Work and Families Act
AIM- to ensure people have statuatory rights to leave and pay in connection with the birth or adoption of children or a dependant.
FEATURES- Right to request flexible working: compressed hours, flexi-time, home working,job sharing, staggered hours,term time working.
Have right to take a reasonable amount of time off work to deal with an emergency involving a dependant.
Right to request parental leave after one year of service.
Right to request leave arrangements, paid or unpaid are up to the employer, to cover intensive periods of care.
Health and Safety at Work Act
AIM- sets out general duties which employers have towards employees and members of the public, and employess have to themselves and to each other.
FEATURES- Looks at what risks and takes sensible measures to tackle them.
Main requirement on employers is to carry out a risk assesment, make arrangements for implementing the health and safety measures identified by the risk assesment:
- appoint competent people (often themselves or colleagues) to implement the arrangements.
- set up emergency procedures
- provide clear information and trainin to employees
- work together with other employess sharing the same workplace.
Employees also have responsibility