site and situation
what is a site?
A site describes where the town is located.
What is is a situation?
A situation describes where the settlement is and the relation between its surrounding enviroment.
An ideal site is likely to have:
- Building material
- A dry-point
- A wet-point site
- A fuel supply
- Food supplies
- nodal point- where several vallies meat to make a route centre.
- Bridging points
Settlement patterns include:
- Dispersed settlement
- Linear settlement
- Nucleated settlement
Hierachies:Referes to the arrangement of settlements within a given area.
Sphere of influence: Is a division over which a state or organization has significant cultural, economic, military or political influence.
Hoyts model and Burgesas model.
Hoyts model: This is based on the circles on the Burgess model, but adds sectors of similar land uses concentrated in parts of the city.
Burgess model: This model is based on the idea that land values are highest in the centre of a town or city. This is because competition is high in the central parts of the settlement
Surbabia: Is a residential district located on the outskirts of a city.