Settlement

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Isle of Purbeck, Dorset

  • 200km squared
  • Corfe Castle is largest village
  • Population has increased over the last 40 years, reaching 44,400 in 2001
  • Higher % of elderly population than rest of the UK due to; high numbers of retirees, out migration of young adults to find work and lower cost housing
  • Age 65+ 21.77% in Purbeck compared to 15.89% in England
  • 2001 - BR 10.1 per 1000
  • 2001 - DR 11.9 per 1000
  • Retirees - 18.6% in Purbeck compared to 13.5% in England
  • % of 0-4 year olds in Purbeck is 4.73 compared to 5.96 in England as a whole
  • Ethnic minorities significantly low
  • 98.8% white
  • 0.1% Asian
  • 0.1% Black British
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Rural Housing Problem in Purbeck

  • Last decade, £ of housing has risen above national average
  • Due to competition between:
  • Out-of-area commuters
  • Retirees
  • Second homeowners
  • In-migration
  • The high competition for limited properties has inflated the cost beyond the reach of locals
  • Problem compounded by local employment oppurtunites being limited and low wages
  • Average weekly wages 6% lower than national average
  • Most housing is owner occupied (73%) - some private and public rented housing (7.7%) - rent from council, rent from private landlord (14.7%)
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Rural Service Decline in Purbeck

Isle of Purbeck and throughout Dorset

  • Sharp decline in the number of shops selling general produce
  • 3 out of 4 vilages had no General Store including 4 villages with a population of over 500
  • 38 Rural Post Offices had closed since 1991
  • 8 villages had lost their only pub since 1991
  • 35 rural petrol stations closed since 1991

Positive:

  • 6 village based doctors' surgeries had opened since 1991
  • No rural school or village hall closures
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Corfe Castle

  • Best level of service provision
  • Corfe's tourism function been important positive influence on services
  • Population - 980
  • Churches, village hall, school, post office, general store, food shops, other shops, petrol station, GP surgery, public houses
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Reasons for rural service decline & Transport

  • Increased competition from supermarkets - undercut prices and provide a greater range of produce than small rural outlets
  • Increased prsonal mobility of rural population as the proportion of people who have access to a private vehicle has risen - shop weekly and in bulk

Transport

  • Limited
  • 150 buses from Poole to Swanage
  • Buses
  • Extra minibuses through volunteer schemes - limited
  • Limited rail links
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