Secularization is occuring,
- long-term decline in the power, popularity and prestige of religious beliefs and rituals.(Bruce)
- religious beliefs were still far more pervasive and influential than they are now. (In medieval Britain)(bruce)
- Briealey, In 1850 40% of population went to church. In 1951 20% of the population went to church and it was less than 7.5% in 2000.
- Fewer people are church members. At 1900 it was 27% by 2000 it had dropped to 10%.
- Sunday school attendance has also dropped drastically.
- Religious belief is no longer central to most people's value systems or personal goals.
- Science has caused rational thinking.
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Arguments against Secularisation
- Some people prefer 'religious' explanations for random events such as the early death of loved ones.
- Religion still a major provider of education and welfare for the poor.
- Increased private worship instead of collective worship.
- 40% of the USA adult population regularly attend church.
- According to 1998 British Social Attitudes survey 21% of those surveyed believed god existed with no doubts and only 10% said that they did not believe in god at all.
- Although people do not believe in major religions they still have found belief in other systems such as New Religious Movements that still preform the same functions that the traditional church did.
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