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Mobile Phones

1. First call made in 1973; 108 million handsets sold in 1997; 1,774 million sold in 2011

2. Technological changes rapid

a. First generation: phone and SMS

b. Second generation: digitised speech and data

c. Third generation: effective transformation into small computers

d. Fourth generation: smart phones

3. More mobile phones than people in the UK and elsewhere; two SIMs per person in China and India; more mobiles than landlines; most revenue still from calls but data increasing in value

4. MP3 players

a. Sony Walkman in 1979

b. By 2006 20% of over-12 year olds in the USA had an MP3 player

c. Replacement of physical music sales with downloads (Napster)

d. Increasingly overtaken by smart phones...

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Social changes

1. More people have phones

2. Shift from household appliance to personal gadget

3. Location increasingly irrelevant to communication

4. Different kinds of communication (speed, medium)

5. Generational differences in use and acceptance

6. Objects of desire

7. Social networks and social capital

8. 'Where the action is' is now fluid and improvisational

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Public Issues

1. Child safety and protection

2. Child vulnerability

3. Consumerism and materialism

4. Health and safety

5. Private and public spaces

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Issues from Goffman

1. Presentation of self and impression management

a. Phones say something about you

b. Status symbols and objects of desire

c. Image projection and 'busyness' 

2. Territories of the self and personal space

a. Intruding into others' aural space

b. Speed of movement

c. Civil inattention

3. Front stage and back stage

a. Private and public conversations

b. What is the user's 'location'?

c. Call logs and other remnants

d. Evolving changes to the everyday world and its boundaries?

4. Frames and permissibility: when can you use?

a. Etiquette: phone calls used to be urgent (so took precedence)

b. But generational: young people more likely (really?) to prioritise calls/texts

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