Scotland & Ireland (1629-40)

  • Created by: lou9119
  • Created on: 09-04-18 12:43

Scotland and 1st Bishops' War

CI left Scot when he was 4 and only returned for his Scot coronation in 33 - out of touch with Scot affairs. 

  • CI created resentment in 25 when he passed the Revocation Act; nullifying the Claims of Scot nobles to lands. All church and royal land lost since 1540 was taken back for the Crown. 
  • Protestant Reformation in Scot went further in Scot and the national church was based on a Presbyterian structure. 
  • Coronation showed he had decided that the Presbyterian Church should be overhauled through the imposition of a hierarchual structure and English liturgy imposed. 
  • 36 Book of Canons; instructions on how clergy should lay out their churches, preaching licences and ministers couldn't apply church rules without permission from CI. 
  • 37 English Prayer Book introduced, riot broke out when first read. 
  • Disorder in lowlands (minister almost killed). 38, Scot clergy and nobility drew up a National Covenant to defend religious rights - Covenanters. 
  • 1st Bishops' War = both CI and Covenanters raised armies with the Scot army being far superior. CI lacked money to fight, CI signs the Treaty of Berwick in 39. 
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Wentworth became Lord Deputy of Ireland in 32, had to deal with conflicting interest groups: 

Irish P -

He was able to persuade them to grant a total of ten subsidies, issued a new Book of Rates which doubled incomes from customs duties. 

Old English - 

Catholic group formed the elite of Irish society for 200 years. They hated his policy of settling English and Scot protestants on land that belonged to them (plantation). Leading landowners made an agreement with CI known as The Graces; in return for a fixed sum CI promised not to interfere with certain lands. Only partly upheld. 

New English - 

Recent Protestant settlers. They resisted the High Church Arminianism associated with CI and Laud. Leading figures, Boyle and Annesley, were prosecuted in the courts by Wentworth for corruption. 

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