Definition of Schizophrenia
A psychotic illness that is characterised by a lack of contact with reality.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Developed in the USA and used in the UK
International Classification of Diseases
Developed in Europe and used in the UK
Positive symptoms are those that reflect an excess of normal functioning.
Bizarre and unreal beliefs that the schizophrenic holds to be true but in fact are not. They include paranoia and delusions of grandeur.
Unreal perceptions of the surrounding environment. They are usually auditory in schizophrenics but can also be olfactory, tactile or visual.
The feeling that thoughts or feelings have been inserted or withdrawn by a higher power. Sometimes it is believed that thoughts are being broad casted.
Experiences of control
The belief that they are under control from a higher power, such as alien force or God.
Negative symptoms are those that reflect a decrease or lack of normal functioning.
A reduction in the range of emotional expression. Often mistaken for lack of interest.
a poverty of speech. Shown through lack of communication and lessened speech fluency and productivity.
The reduction or inability to create and aim towards goals.