Schema Theory


Recall Stage

1. Initial Conditions -

  • Taking in information from the environment
  • What can I see?/Where is my opponent?

2. Response Specification -

  • Select appropriate motor programme from long-term memory
  • What do I need to do?
1 of 4

Recognition Stage

3. Sensory Consequences -

  • intrinsic feedback, kinaesthetic feel and knowledge of results
  • How did that feel?

4. Response Outcome -

  • Knowledge of results
  • Motor programme is adapted if successful
  • Motor programme is adjusted if unsuccessful
  • Was it successful?
2 of 4

Uses of Schema

Overlearn the fundamentals - builds a good general motor programme

Varied practice - change the intial conditions to develop schema

Feedback - should be frequent, positive and highlight when to use

Realistic - should transfer to performance

3 of 4

The Schema Theory

"Using memory to update, adapt and modify the motor programmes."

The Schema theory is taking a generalised motor programme and adpating it to produce a novel response.

4 of 4


No comments have yet been made

Similar Physical Education resources:

See all Physical Education resources »See all Sports psychology resources »