Russia WW2

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Preparing for War

  • Since the 1920's the Soviet Union believed that Germany were preparing for war. 
  • Concern intensified when Hitler was appointed Chancellor. 
  • An agreement between Nazi Germany, Facist Italy and Imperial Japan (Who were against communist Russia).
  • This meant Russia, reformed the military, recruited spies and started to divert economic resources towards rearement.
  • However due to Stalins Paranoia theses measures couldn't take full effect.
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Reforming the military.

  • In 1935, preparation for war meant discipline in the Red Army was tightened.
  • Under Trotsky titles such as Officer were abolished, and commanders and regular soldiers were encouraged to treat each other equally. 
  • However Stalin reintroduced the Tsarist system of clear divisions between officers and soldiers.
  • Furthermore between 1937-1938 the Red Army was extensively purged (To ensure all members were loyal).
  • This mean a great deal of skill and leadership was lost.
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International Espionage

  • Russia had a massive advantage over it's rival due to it's large network of spies.
  • Communist sympathisers at all levels of governement provided secret information willingly to the Soviet government.
  • However Stalins Paranoia meant he didn't trust the intelligence. 
  • This meant most assignements involved trying to find Trotsky.
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Economic Preparation Part 1

  • In theory Rearmament was essential in the Third Five-Year Plan.
  • However due to the purges in government chaos was caused this meant the plan was never finished.
  • In Fact the plan was never published and governement officials had to use drafts with little detail about rearmament.
  • Their was no agreed military budget and 17 government officials argued with Gosplan over the amount of money to be allocated.
  • In spite of the Choas, soviet industry achieved remarkable feats.
  • In 1939, 6 new aircraft factories were built.
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Economic Preparation Part 2

  • Russia's war preparation compared favourably to Germany's.
  • Germany spent more for war between 1935 and 1940, however on the eve of war Russia was able to take over.
  • This was down to Russia's more powerful economy. 
  • 24 new factories were built, dedicated to the production of explosives.
  • Tanks production doubled in 1942 compared to 1938. 
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Nazi-soviet Pact part 1

  • Military spending wasn't Stalins only defence, he was willing to negotiate with Germany (His Sworn Enemy) to protect Russia.
  • The allience between Hitler and Stalin seemed unthinkable (Hitler hatted communism).
  • As well as this Russians called the Nazism as the worst regime of their age. 
  • Furthermore, during the Spanish Civil war Germany and Russia fought each other.
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The Pact

  • The Pact was agreed in under three hours on 24 August 1939.
  • The Pact had two parts the public side and the secret side.
  • Public Side: They must respect each others territories, settle any disputes with negotiation and increase trade.
  • Privately: They divided Eastern Euroupe into two spheres of interest, Germany recieved Western Poland and Czechoslovakia, whilst Russia got Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia.
  • Stalin shook with excitement over the agreement.
  • A week later Germany captured Poland, and Stalin telegraphed Hitler to congradulate him.
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