Russia On the Road to Peaceful and Successful reform by 1914?

Arguements for and against.

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Were the Pesants content?

YES

  • Stolypins Reforms Positive
  • Good Harvests - 1913 record harvest
  • Kulaks formed
  • Supporting the countriesindustral growth
  • Supporters of efficient agriculture

NO

  • 4/5 peasants remained peasants,60% remaned illiterate
  • Huge Gap between Rich and Poor
  • Many peasants sold land and migrated to trans-sibera, to be dispointed with no land
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Were the workers content?

YES

  • Zemstva - extended health services
  • 1912 - insurence for workers
  • Stolypn -Eduction improved for everyone
  • Increasedwages

NO

  • Working conditions poor
  • Lacked effective Trade Unions and Legal Protection (mercy of employee's)
  • Gained little from the Boom
  • Strikes - Lena Goldfield (500 killed)
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Were the middle class content?

YES

  • Expansion of qualified people (doctors etc) - - - Growth of middle class
  • More conservative in outlook of the Tsar (supportive)

NO

  • Growth of revolutionary ideas (Marxist)
  • Bolsheviks grow
  • Lenin and Trotsky exiled
  • 3000 hung - Stolypin's neck tie
  • Duma's only look afterNobles
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Did economic growth have a strong basis?

YES

  • Economy less reliant on foreign investment (more self financing)
  • Economic Boom
  • LargestEconomic power
  • 4th Largest provider ofcoal

NO

  • Prices Rose - Inflation 40%
  • Economy still unstable
  • Communication links still weak
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Had the Tsar reached a new Stable poltical basis?

YES

  • Autocracy evolved - Tsar working with Duma
  • Opportunity for further reform
  • Majority still Loyal to Tsar until War
  • Future looked promising

NO

  • Witte - 'the government was a great illusion of our century'
  • Anti-Tsarism by Duma and Zemstva
  • Repression
  • Secret Police unwilling to work with Police
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