Lenin's Return to Petrograd 1917
The February revolution took Lenin by surprise
Lenin arrived in Petrograd on the 3rd April 1917
The Germans gave them permission to travel through Germany as they thought that Revolution was a disaster to a country & by allowing Russian exiles to return they will spread the revolution
The Germans arranged for Lenin’s return to Russia in a sealed train
Lenin was accused of being a German spy
When he arrived he declared complete opposition to the government – calling for an immediate socialist revolution. He set out his programme for the Bolsheviks in his April Theses
Lenin's April Thesis
April Theses called for:
- A revolution to seize power from the Prov. Govt & transfer it to the soviets
- An immediate end to the war
- The transfer of the land to the peasants
- ‘All power to the Soviets’ ‘Peace, Bread, Land’
- Peace – the continuing of the war with Germany
- Bread – the food shortage
- Land – the disruption in the countryside
- Abandonment of co-operation with other parties
Lenin strengthened support for the Bolsheviks.
Lenin’s radical demands meant that the Bolsheviks appeared different.
They attracted support from people who were against the war & who felt let down by the Prov. Gov.