- Created by: Chantelle
- Created on: 08-06-11 19:27
Alexander II, 1855-1881
1885 - Alexander II becomes Tsar - The 'Tsar Liberator'
1886 - Treaty of Paris = Russia is out of the Crimea War (the people realize Russias failures and see the need for change)
1861 - Emancipation of the Serfs (Only privately owned serfs) - at the time seemed like major change however, they could not afford the payments for their own land.
1863 - The Polish Revolt. Opposition to the Tsar
1864 - Zemstva established (local government), gave a taste for change and allowed little political activity.
1873 - The Narodnik rebellion, believed it was therefore their duty to go
among the people, to educate them politically and so indirectly inspire a rebellion.
1876 - Land and Liberty established (Later split and formed the 'Peoples will')
1881 - Assassination of Alex II by the Peoples Will
Alexander III, 1881-1894
1881 - Accession of Alexander III (the reaction)
1882 - May Laws, Expelled jews from rural areas and restricted their access to education.
1883 - Peasants Land Bank created
1887 - Failed attempt to assasinate Alex III
1889 - Land Captains
1891 - Famine in 17 provinces
1892-93 - 'Wittes Great Spurt'
1894 - Death of Alexander III
Nicholas II, 1894-1917
1894 - Accession of Nicholas II, like his father believed in his 'divine right'
1901 - Socialist-Revolutionary Party Founded
1903 - Slipt into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks
1904-05 - Russo-Japanese War, lost = Catalyst for upcoming events
1905 - Revolution and Bloody Sunday, was supposed to be peaceful opposition. Revolution was the dress rehearsal for 1917.
1905 - October Manifesto saw the creation of a Duma (Hopeful for liberal democracy, BUT not the case as the Tsar still had complete authority and could dissolve it)
1906-11 - Stolypins reforms, continuation of the modified state capitalism program begun under Witte.
1914-1918 - First World War saw the end of the Tsars, left Tsarina (German) in control with Rasputin.
1917 - February Revolution: Outcome was abdication of the Tsar and the Provisional govt.
1917- October Revolution: Outcome was the Bolshevik takeover.
1918 - Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, pulled out the WW1
1918-1921 - War Communism and The Civil War
1921 - The Kronstadt Rising, left wing uprising against Bolshevik dictatorship.
1921 - NEP (New economic policy) shows Lenin was changing for the need of the country as not Marxist
1921 - Famine and economic collapse.
1922 - Treaty of Creation of the USSR.
1924 - Lenins death, creates the struggle for Power.
1928 - Stalin in Power 'Red Tsar'
1928 - Intro of first five year plan (Industrialisation)
1929 - Collectivisation of Soviet agriculture
1929 - Stalin orders the persecution of kulaks (Wealthy Peasants)
1930 - Gulag officially established (Labour Camps)
1934-40 - The Great Terror
1937 - The 'Great Purges', set nationwide quotas for the execution and enslavement of "anti-Soviet elements."
1941-45 - The Great Patriotic War (WW2) secured Stalins place as leader/dictator, first war won in over 100years, began pre cold war tensions with the West.
1946 - Censorhip tightened
1953 - Stalin dies :)
1954-56 - Khrushchev rise to power
1956 - Destalinization begins (start of 'Thaw')
1957 - Sputnik, satelite launch
1960 - Vietnam War, USSR+USA fighting each other (not literally, but on their backdoor)
1961 - Building of the Berlin Wall
1962 - The Cuban missile crisis, close to nuclear War, shows impoved connections witht the West as there was a direct line from Russia and USA leaders(Khrushchev and Kennedy)
1964 - Khrushchev forced to resign