- Entitled "Emperor and Autocrat of all Russia"
- He possessed all political authority
- Titular Head of the orthodox church "God ordains himself that all must bow to his extreme power"
- Could Appoint/Sack ministers and accept/reject their advice
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- A group of 35-60 nobles hand-picked by the tsar.
- Job: To offer expert advice
- However the Tsar could reject their suggestions
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Committee of Ministers
- 8-14 ministers appointed buy the tsar.
- Each ran government departments
- Needed Tsar approval to pass laws
- All answerable to the Tsar.
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The Civil Service and Nobility
- Bloated bureaucracy helped the Tsar run the country
- 1881- Corrupt and incompetent infamous for its inefficiently
- Local nobles relied upon a provincial governors- responsible for local government
- However many corrupt; made money through brides and tax exemption
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The Secret Police (Okhrana), Orthodox Church and A
- These were the props of the autocracy
- Church: Preaches faith, loyalty and love to the Tsar. Vast majority of Russians orthodox
- Army: took 80% of annual profits, used to crush revolution.
- Okhrana: Kept tight local control to prevent potential uprisings.
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