Russia (1881-1914) AQA AS: Tsarist Political structure 1881

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  • Created by: Joshua
  • Created on: 17-05-10 15:10

The Tsar

  • Entitled "Emperor and Autocrat of all Russia"
  • He possessed all political authority
  • Titular Head of the orthodox church "God ordains himself that all must bow to his extreme power"
  • Could Appoint/Sack ministers and accept/reject their advice
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Imperial Council

  • A group of 35-60 nobles hand-picked by the tsar.
  • Job: To offer expert advice
  • However the Tsar could reject their suggestions
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Committee of Ministers

  • 8-14 ministers appointed buy the tsar.
  • Each ran government departments
  • Needed Tsar approval to pass laws
  • All answerable to the Tsar.
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The Civil Service and Nobility

  • Bloated bureaucracy helped the Tsar run the country
  • 1881- Corrupt and incompetent infamous for its inefficiently
  • Local nobles relied upon a provincial governors- responsible for local government
  • However many corrupt; made money through brides and tax exemption
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The Secret Police (Okhrana), Orthodox Church and A

  • These were the props of the autocracy
  • Church: Preaches faith, loyalty and love to the Tsar. Vast majority of Russians orthodox
  • Army: took 80% of annual profits, used to crush revolution.
  • Okhrana: Kept tight local control to prevent potential uprisings.
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please add more on political parties formed further on like Bolsheviks e.t.c..

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