Types of weapons of mass destruction
- Contain bacteria or viruses which can lead to disease or death.
- They can enter food chain or water supplies, leading to illness and death on large scale.
- Banned under Geneva conventions.
- Used in World War 1 by the UK and Germany.
- Banned in 1925 but still manufatured and stockpiled.
- Can cause choking, paralysis and destruction of the environment
- Cause huge devastation
- Used by USA in World War 2 in Japan
- If used they would destroy life on Earth
Arguments for and against nuclear weapons
- Posession acts as deterrent - Possesion poses a risk to humanity
- Countries which own them are unlikley to - Destruction caused cannot be justified
attack eachothet - Go against all principles of 'Just War'
- All religions oppose the use of them and
Why do people go to war?
- To defend their country, beliefs religion, freedom or way of life.
- To defend an ally or protect a weaker country
- To remove rheir own leader or government (civil war)
- To gain land or reclaim territory
- To gain wealth, power or natural resources
- To stop genocide or depose a dictator
What is a just war?
A just war has 6 conditons which must be met. These were developed by Christians.
- Must be for a just cause
- Must be lawfully declared
- The intention behind the war must be good
- It must be a last resort
- There must be a reasonable chance of success
- The means used must be in proportion to the end the war seeks to achieve
- Civilians must not be harmed
- Only appropriate force should be used
- Internationally agreed conventions that regulate war should be obeyed
What is a holy war?
- A holy war has a religious aim or goal.
- Those who take part believe they will gain a spiritual reward
- They are authorised by a religious leader
- Leaders may declare a holy war to defend their religion or followers
United Nations and NATO
The UN (United Nations)
- has responsibility for the maintanence of international peace and security.
- They must decide whether a peacekeeping operation should be put in place by looking at the following:
- If there is a ceasefire in place
- If a clear political goal exists
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation)
- Promote democratic values
- Comitted to peaceful resolution of disputes
- However they have the military capacity needed to undertake crisis managment
- Currently operating in Afghanistan, Kosovo and the Mediterranean
International committee of the Red Cross
- Established in 1863
- Operate world wide to help people affected by conflict
- Promote the laws that protect victims of war
- Based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949
- Take action in reponse to emergencies
What is terrorism?
- The unofficial or unauthorized use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.