• Created by: AmyTurner
  • Created on: 12-05-15 16:34

Types of weapons of mass destruction

Biological weapons 

  • Contain bacteria or viruses which can lead to disease or death.
  • They can enter food chain or water supplies, leading to illness and death on large scale.
  • Banned under Geneva conventions.

Chemical Weapons

  • Used in World War 1 by the UK and Germany.
  • Banned in 1925 but still manufatured and stockpiled.
  • Can cause choking, paralysis and destruction of the environment

Nuclear weapons

  • Cause huge devastation
  • Used by USA in World War 2 in Japan
  • If used they would destroy life on Earth
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Arguments for and against nuclear weapons

                For                                                             Against

- Posession acts as deterrent                               - Possesion poses a risk to humanity 

- Countries which own them are unlikley to            - Destruction caused cannot be justified

attack eachothet                                                  - Go against all principles of 'Just War'

                                                                          - All religions oppose the use of them and

                                                                          support disarmament 

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Why do people go to war?

  • To defend their country, beliefs religion, freedom or way of life.
  • To defend an ally or protect a weaker country
  • To remove rheir own leader or government (civil war)
  • To gain land or reclaim territory 
  • To gain wealth, power or natural resources 
  • To stop genocide or depose a dictator
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What is a just war?

A just war has 6 conditons which must be met. These were developed by Christians.


  • Must be for a just cause
  • Must be lawfully declared
  • The intention behind the war must be good
  • It must be a last resort
  • There must be a reasonable chance of success 
  • The means used must be in proportion to the end the war seeks to achieve


  • Civilians must not be harmed 
  • Only appropriate force should be used
  • Internationally agreed conventions that regulate war should be obeyed
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What is a holy war?

- A holy war has a religious aim or goal. 

- Those who take part believe they will gain a spiritual reward

- They are authorised by a religious leader 

- Leaders may declare a holy war to defend their religion or followers

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United Nations and NATO

The UN (United Nations)

- has responsibility for the maintanence of international peace and security.

- They must decide whether a peacekeeping operation should be put in place by looking at the following: 

  • If there is a ceasefire in place
  • If a clear political goal exists

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation)

- Promote democratic values 

- Comitted to peaceful resolution of disputes 

- However they have the military capacity needed to undertake crisis managment 

- Currently operating in Afghanistan, Kosovo and the Mediterranean

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International committee of the Red Cross

  • Established in 1863 
  • Operate world wide to help people affected by conflict
  • Promote the laws that protect victims of war
  • Based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949
  • Take action in reponse to emergencies 
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What is terrorism?

- The unofficial or unauthorized use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims.

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