Romantic Relationships: Culture

10 researchers + research into romantic relationships in different cultures

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  • Created by: Lucy_C
  • Created on: 12-11-14 19:46

Hofstede

Work experiences of over 100,000 employees in 50 different countries
Established terms 'Individualist' and 'Collectivist

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Moghaddan

Look at marriage in Collectivist cultures

Marriage often seen as union between families rather than a union of individuals

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Quereshi

3 types of arranged marriage:

  1. Planned: parents plan marriage based on family and community, bride and groom don't meet until wedding day
  2. Chaperoned: children (usually males) tell parents their desires in a partner, then matched up
  3. Joint-venture: both parents and children are involved in selecting a partner
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Jankiowak and Fischer

166 hunting and gathering societies. Evidence of passionate and romantic love. Romantic attraction is a distinct emotional and motivational system present in all humans (innate), regardless of culture

  • Only 1 society: no compelling evidence of romantic love
  • Almost all societies: young lovers talked about passionate and romantic love, spoke of anguish of infactuation
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Allgiert and Wiederman

US college students, asked "If a boy/girl had all the qualities you desired, would you marry this person even if you were not in love with him/her?"

  • 14% of males would consider it
  • 9% of females would consider it
  • In the west, romantic love is a prerequisite for marriage
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Sprecher

American, Japanese and Russian students ask the same question that Allgiert and Wiederman asked.

  • Japanese: expressed reluctance to marry in absence of love (like the Americans)
  • Russian: more practical about marriage, (particulary women) far more likely to settle for loveless marriage, provided all other 'requirements' were met
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Levine

Only traditional, collectivist cultures (e.g. Thailand, Pakistan, and India)

  • Students willing to compromise and marry someone they didn't love
  • In such societies, extended families continues to be the primary importance
  • Romantic love considered to be a luxury
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Yum and Hara

Role of self-diclosure in relationship development on the internetKorea, Japan, and US

  • All: self-disclosure directly assiciated with online relationship development
  • America: Increased s-d associated with increased levels of trust
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Betzig

Divorse in 160 countries, most common grounds of divorse (decending order):

  • Infidelity: cheating, particulary women's
  • Sterility: barroness, not being able to have children
  • Cruelty: maltreatment, usually the husband towards the wife
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Pinker

Adaptive value of love

  • Love is a species-specific adaptation
  • Evolved to promote survival and repoduction
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