Role of Parliament

-Who is involved
-Role of the House of Commons
-Role of the House of Lords
-Role of the Crown

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What is Parliament made up of

  • House of Commons
  • House of Lords
  • Crown(Queen)
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Role of the House of Commons

  • Legislates
    • HC is responsible for creating most laws produced each year.
    • Majority of these laws are proposed to fulfil the claims set in the governments manifesto.
    • Backbencher MPs can also introduce law as a Private Members' bill.
  • Debates
    • House must debate, scrutinise and vote on whether to approve the bill.
    • House hold debates on government policy, new laws and major issues of  the day.
    • MPs are able to represent and put forward views of their constituents.
  • Spend Public Money
    • Government must gain permission from majority of MPs in the HC to raise taxes and spend money.
    • Only the HC is responsible for approving measures to increase taxes.
  • Scrutinises the Government
    • The Commons hold the government to account (Public Accounts Comittee)
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Role of the House of Lords

  • Legislates
    • Proposes and introduces bills of a less contraversial nature, therefore easing the burden on the HC
    • Refines the law proposed by HC by adding technical improvements after scrutinising it and revising it.
    • Spends two thirds of its time on legislation
  • Scrutinises the Government
    • It is the Chambers which question the Government, reviews government policy and matters of current concern
    • Makes the government 'think again' by making major amendments to bills
  • Debates
    • Debates, scrutinises and votes of bills. Can vote against a bill but has limited power to stop it becoming law. They can delay a law for up to one year (Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949)
  • Experties
    • Many peers sit on specialist committees eg; European Union Comittee to scrutinise proposed European Legislation
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Role of the Crown

The Crown has a limited role in the legislative process:

  • Opens Parliament at the beginning of each session which she reads a speech announcing the forthcoming proposals for legislation by the government for that session
  • Gives Royal Assent to bills (Stamp of approval)
  • Appoint and dismiss the PM
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this is good simplified information

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