Rights and Responsibilities

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Moral Decision Making

The Church:

For:

  • Body of Christ
  • Church is the community of believers
  • Chaos if everyone made own decisions
  • Church comes the magisterium --> infalliable guidance

Against:

  • Out of date
  • Faith in action instead

The Bible:

For:

  • Word of God
  • Teachings on behaviour--> Decalogue
  • Teachings of Jesus
  • Records lives od leading disciples

Against:

  • Out of date
  • Rather Church
  • Conscience "we are all made in the image of God

The Conscience:

For:

  • Cardinal Hentry Newman belive God speaks to people through the conscience
  • Teachings of St Paul and St Thomas Aquinas
  • Teachings of the bible do not come directly from God

Against:

  • Mistaken about God's voice
  • Different views on morality
  • Unreliable may not be God's voice

Situation Ethics:

For:

  • Jesus used SE to overrule religious law
  • Jesus said only law was to "love thy neighbour"
  • Christianity is the religion of love

Against:

  • God wouldn't have given laws not meant to be followed
  • Follow what other Christians agree is right
  • Never know all facts, not know all the consequences

Using a variety of source:

  • Protestants-use Bible with some moral decisions, temporary decisions also use conscience and situation ethics
  • Roman Catholics follow the Church
  • Christians who use conscience to make moral decisions may turn to the bible or the church to check
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Genetic Engineering

Non-religious arguments for:

  • Non-curable diseases can be cured
  • Cloning processes used to grow healthy cells to replace bad ones
  • Cloning animal eggs doesn't involve loss of human life
  • Genetic research monitored by the law

Non-religious arguments against:

  • Not enough about the long term effects
  • Places too much power in the hands of scientists
  • Treats human body as a commodity
  • Allows for genetic screening before jobs

Religious arguments for:

  • Jesus was a healer
  • Form of stewardship towards creation
  • Difference between creating cells and creating people

Religious arguments against:

  • Life begins at conception
  • Sanctity of life
  • 'playing God'
  • Wrong to perfect earth, only heaven perfect
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Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering:

Non-religious arguments for:

  • Non-curable diseases can be cured
  • Cloning processes used to grow healthy cells to replace bad ones
  • Cloning animal eggs doesn't involve loss of human life
  • Genetic research monitored by the law

Non-religious arguments against:

  • Not enough about the long term effects
  • Places too much power in the hands of scientists
  • Treats human body as a commodity
  • Allows for genetic screening before jobs

Religious arguments for:

  • Jesus was a healer
  • Form of stewardship towards creation
  • Difference between creating cells and creating people

Religious arguments against:

  • Life begins at conception
  • Sanctity of life
  • 'playing God'
  • Wrong to perfect earth, only heaven perfect
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Rights, Christian teachings, Democracy

Rights:

Important:

  • Right to life- Sanctity of Life
  • "made in the image of God"
  • Parable of Good Samaritan
  • "There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus"

Problems:

  • Agaisnt civil partnership-homosexuality is against God's will
  • Against the right to marry a person fro a different faith
  • Woman can't become priests- discrimination on the grounds of gender

Democracy and Elections:

Important:

  • Government make the laws
  • Government influence tax setting
  • People fought for the right to vote
  • Countries without democracy treat citizens badly

Christian Teachings on Moral Duties and Responsibilities:

  • The Golden Rule- treat otehrs as you treat them how they would like to be treated
  • The Parable of the Sheep and the Goats -Jesus taught us to care for those in need
  • Am I my brothers keeper?- Duty to care for all
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