What happened in 1846 and 1847?
This caused many people living in rural areas, which were already overcrowded, to urban towns in hopes of finding jobs.
A rise in unemployment, sickness, and urban poverty upset many of the people and they lost faith in their current rulers in what they could do to improve the situation.
Because people were losing their jobs, purchasing power decreased and people couldn't buy industrial goods causing even more unemployment.
What revolutions influenced the 1848 revolutions?
The ideas from the French revolution of 1789
This revolution greatly impacted people's views on their ruling regimes and spread the ideas of Liberté, égalité, Fraternité (liberty, equality, fraternity) That man was born free, that all men are equal and that all people have a responsibility to look after other people beyond their own families and friends.
The main ideas the revolutions had in common
Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité
Causes of the Revolutions
- Bad harvests in 1846 and 1847
- Spreading ideas of nationalism, liberalism, and socialism/radicalism
- Middle class demanding power for themselves - not for the lower class
- Lower class demanding power
- Hatred towards foreign leaders