Reactions of Alkenes and Alkanes
Alkene to Alkane- H2, Platinum catalyst, Room Temperature and pressure.
Alkene to halogenoalkane- Conc H-X(aq), room temp.
Alkane to Halogenoalkane- Br2(g), high frequencey UV radiation.
Reactions of Halogenoalkanes and nitriles
Halogenoalkane to amine- conc.NH3, heat in sealed vessel.
Halogenoalkane to primary alcohol- NaOH, reflux.
Halogenoalkane to nitrile- KCN, ethanol solvent, reflux.
Nitrile to carboxylic acid- H+/H20, reflux
Reactions of alcohols and acyl chlorides
Primary alcohol to alkene- c.H2SO4, reflux.
Primary alcohol to halogenoalkane- Na---X and 50% H2SO4, reflux.
Primary alcohol to aldehyde- Heat and distil, H+/Potassium dichromate.
Primary alcohol to carboxylic acid- Reflux, H+/Potassium dichromate.
Secondary alcohol to ketone - Reflux, H+/Potassium dichromate.
Acyl chloride to secondary amide- R'---NH2, room temp.
Acyl chloride to primary amide- c.NH3, room temp, anhydrous.
Acyl chloride to ester- R'---OH, room temp, anhydrous.
Reactions of esters, carboxylic acids and adehydes
Ester to carboxylic acid- reflux, weak acid or alkali. (if alkali used, product will be a salt)
Carboxylic acid to acyl chloride- SCl2O
Aldehyde to primary alcohol- NaBH4, room temp.
Carboxylic acid to ester- R'---OH, c. H2SO4 catalyst.