STRUCTURE AND PROVISION OF SERVICES
The four sectors of health and social services are the public (statutory) sector, the private sector, the voluntary sector and informal care. Sometimes, the private and voluntary sectors are called the independent sector.
The public sector:
This sector includes the NHS which provides services in hospitals and in the community. The NHS was set up in 1948 and is paid for through taxation and national insurance contributions. For most servces, it is free at the point of delivery, however some services are charged for, such as dental services and prescriptions. People who have low incomes or have particular health conditions or who are in certain age groups are extempt from these charges.