- Created by: jackdow_
- Created on: 07-06-17 21:03
Choosing a Research Method
Primary Data - Collected by sociologists themselves.
Methods include :
- Social Surveys
- Participent Observation
Secondary Data - Info that has already been collected.
This includes :
- Official Stats
Factors Influencing Choice of Methods
Practical Methods :
- Time and Money
- Requirements of Funding Bodies
- Personal Skills and Characteristics
- Subject Matter
- Research Oppurtunities
Ethical Issues :
- Informed Consent
- Confidentiality and Privacy
- Harm to Research Participents
- Vunerable Groups
- Covert Research - Hiding your true agdenda
Factors Influencing Choice Of Methods - Theoretica
Validity - A valid method is one that produces a true or genuine picture of what something is really like.
Reliability - Can it be done again and again? Replicable?
Representativeness - Refers to if or not the people we study are a typical cross-section of the group we are interested in.
If it is representative - it can be generalised.
PREFER QUANTATIVE DATA, SEEK TO DISCOVER PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOUR - SOCIOLOGY AS A SCIENCE.
PREFER QUALITATIVE DATA, SEEK T UNDERSTAND SOCIAL ACTORS' MEANINGS AND REJECT THE VIEW THAT SOCIOLOGY CAN MODEL ITSELF ON THE NATURAL SCIENCES.
If people know that they are being stufied then they may behave differently than they otherwise may.
EG - Mayo - Research into factors effecting workers - they didnt respond even when he made conditions worse, etc.
He concluded that the workers were not responding to changes, because the fact they knew they were being studied meant they wanted to please the experimenter.
Durkheim - Study of Suicde
Hypothesis - Low levels of integration of indiviudals into social groups caused higher rates of suicide.