Religious Teachings

Information on religious teachings (mostly Christian) regarding the topics of Religion and Early Life, Religion and Predjudice, Religion and Animal Rights, Religion, War and Peace and Religion and Planet Earth

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  • Created by: Penny
  • Created on: 15-05-12 18:10

Religion and Early Life 1

Christian Teachings on Religion and Early Life:

Roman Catholic Church:-Absolute Pro-Life

  • Abortion is NEVER acceptable-evil- life begins at conception so abortion=murder and 10 commandments- 'DO NOT MURDER'
  • "For you created my inmost being, you knit me together in my mother's womb" Psalm 139 v13
  • "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart" Jeremiah 1 v5
  • "God created man in his own image"
  • "The unborn human being's right to live is one of the inalienable human rights" Pope John Paul II
  • RC church sees adoption and fostering as acceptable alternatives

NOT ALL CHRISTIANS FEEL THE SAME WAY: David Steel (MP) proposed legalised abortion in 1967. Some Christians have a pro-choice approach- extending feelings of compassion to the woman.

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Religion and Early Life 2

Protestant Church- Moderate Pro-Choice:

Abortion is wrong but it is sometimes acceptable for compassionate reasons

  • "The lesser of two evils"- for example severe fetal disability 
  • Quality of life is considered over sanctity of life
  • Christians should "Love their neighbour" and show compassion and empathy towards others.
  • Abortion is allowed when the mother's life is in danger
  • Abortion should be considered a "last resort"

Concerned over the number of abortions which occur and oppose abortion on demand.

Some Evangelical Christians:

Abortion is NEVER acceptable- Particularly evident in the USA abortion debate

A minority of Christians would be moderate pro-choice and very few would be absolute pro-choice

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Religion and Prejudice 1

Christian Teachings:

  • "Do not ill-treat foreigners who are living in your land" Leviticus 19 v33
  • "Love your Neighbour"
  • "There is neither Jew Nor Greek, Slave nor Free, Male nor Female for you are all one in Christ Jesus" Galatians 3 v28
  • Humans are created equally in the "image of God" Genesis 1 v26
  • Jesus healed anyone regardless of race, gender or any other elements that may have led to them being socially outcast- e.g.- a Roman Centurion, Mary and Martha and Lepers.

Christian Teachings in Action:

Martin Luther King- Baptist minister who campaigned in a non-violent way against racial segregation in the USA during the 1950s and 1960s

Desmond Tutu: Archbishop of Capetown who used non-violent methods of campaigning against Apartheid in South Africa 

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Religion and Prejudice 2

Controversial Christian Attitudes to Prejudice:

Some Christian denominations do have controversial attitudes to prejudicial issues such as the role of women and the status of homosexual relationships

  • The Roman Catholic Church does not accept women as priests and does not view homosexual relationships as legitimate.
  • Some may argue that their is evidence of prejudice within the bible for example:
    • Eve was the first to give into temptation in the garden of Eden
    • Women were not allowed to be educated

Other Religion's views on Prejudice:

Islam: "Of His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the diversity of your tongues and colours"

 Hinduism:  "Do not do to another what you do not like to be done to yourself; that is the gist of the law - all other laws are variable."

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Religion, War and Peace

Christian Attitudes to War:

  • "Blessed are the peacemakers for they will be called Sons of God" Matthew 5 v9 
  • "If someone slaps you on the right cheek offer him the left one also" Matthew 5 v38-9
  • "Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you" Matthew 5 v44
  • Jesus didn't physically resist and said "all who draw the sword will die by the sword" Matthew 26 v52
  • Jesus went into a temple, overturned tables and drove out all who were selling and exchanging money in there- supports righteous anger when necessary
  • Quakers are a group of Christians who are absolute pacifists

Holy Wars:

A holy war is a war which is fought to impose a religious view on another country or group of people. E.g.- the Crusades

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Religion and Animal Rights

Christian attitudes to Animal Rights:

  • "let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth" Genesis 1.26- Some have interpreted this as Dominion- Complete power and explotation of animals for human benefit while others have interpreted this as implying humans have a duty of stewardship- to take responsibility and care for the animals
  • Sancity of life- all God given life is sacred (doesn't always apply to animals)

Hinduism and Buddhism:

  • ALL life is connected and dependent on each other
    • Ahimsa: principle of not harming any living being
    • Karma: Your actions lead to the success of your reincarnation

Judaism and Islam:

  • Similar to Christianity but neither eat pigs and both have specifically slaughtered meats Kosher and Halal respectively
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Religion and Planet Earth

Christian Teachings:

  • "Let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth" Genesis 1.26
  • "The Earth is the Lord's and everything in it" Psalm 24 v1
  • MOST Christians believe that God intended for them to be the stewards of the planet and there are verses to support this e.g.- "Do not destroy trees"- Deuteronomy 20
  • Believe that we are accountable to God for any damage done to his planet. God gave us free will and we should use it to make the correct choices.
  • Climate change is a result of greed and sinfulness- good stewardship and compassion are required to begin to remedy the issue.
  • In Genesis the Garden of Eden was created as perfect by God.
  • Pollution is poor stewardship and goes against the teaching "love your neighbour"
  • Christians also have concern over the unfair and unequal usage of natural resources and believe it is our responsibility to sustain them for future generations.
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Miss KHP

Fantastic for any exam board that covers Christianity and issues surrounding ethics.

Great because it contains verses so you don't have to waste time finding them yourself!

Once you have finished, test yourself!

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