Wealth & Poverty: the 'North-South' Divide
Problems in developing countries:
Disease: e.g. insect bites or polluted drinking water may spread many harmful diseases such as cholera, malaria, bilharzia, yellow fever, sleeping sickness or diarrhoea.
Debt: money that could otherwise be spent on public services and infrastructure development is used to pay off debt to western countries and organisations.
Drought: too little rainfall causes crop failure which can result in famine and then even civil war.
Poverty: people don't have enough money and so have a low quality of life
Hunger: people are malnourished due to overworking and/or lack of food, leading to a weakening of their immune system. This can also lead to a downward spiral.
Unfair trading conditions: low prices for the goods produced by developing countries and tariffs from trading blocks such as the EU.
Warfare: a destablised country after or during a conflict can be affected by all of the above.