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Philosophical Arguments for the existence of God

  • Teleological Argument: The world is the result of a designer by an intelligent being - God
  • Cosmological Argument: No event in the natural worldis without a cause - God
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Christian beliefs about the nature of God

  • The Trinity: Is the way Christians describe God and can understand what God is to them
  • The Father, The Son and The Holy Spirit: The creator of life, a Fatherly figure. Jesus is believed to be God incarnated. The holy spirit (penecost) is constantly there, to guide and comfort.
  • Eternal, Judge, Immanence
  • Omnipotent - all powerful
  • Omnibelevolent  - all good
  • Omniscient - all knowing
  • Omnipresent - always there
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Christian arguments for the existence of God

  • Relatives' influence
  • Evidence from the world for a designer (teleological argument)
  • Answered prayers
  • Seen miracles
  • Visions/experiences of God
  • The need for everything to have a designer (cosmological argument)
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Miracles

  • Healing miracles: eg - Jesus heals a paralytic (Mark 2:1-12)
  • Miracles over nature: eg - Jesus walks on water (John 6:16-21)
  • Raising the dead miracles: eg - Lazarus is raised from the dead (John 11:1-45)
  • Exorcisms: eg - A girl is freed from a demon (Mark 7:24-30)
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Jesus

  • Christians believe that Jesus is a part of God in a human form
  • God did this because being a human meant he could experience the pressures, emotions and realities that all people encounter
  • At the same time as being fully human he was still fully God, and thus remained perfect in all ways
  • Christians believed he came to earth to show the love God has for the people he created
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Jesus

  • Christians believe that Jesus is a part of God in a human form
  • God did this because being a human meant he could experience the pressures, emotions and realities that all people encounter
  • At the same time as being fully human he was still fully God, and thus remained perfect in all ways
  • Christians believed he came to earth to show the love God has for the people he created
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Christian beliefs about body and soul

  • The human soul is what separates us from other creatures (animals dont have souls)
  • Human bodies possess an immoral soul that is distinct from their physical body
  • Human life is sacred because we possess a soul, some think the physical body is a temple for God in which his spirit can live
  • The resurrection and ascension of jesus showed there is life after physical death
  • The soul and body are often in conflict with each other, the body wants to satisfy its desires whilest he spirit wants to please God
  • Humans' imperfect and mortal bodies will die but their spiritual bodies will be resurrected
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Heaven

  • Heaven is believed to be a place where suffering and evil no longer exist
  • It is described in the Bible as: - blinding light

                                                 - beauty

                                                 - singing

  • Heaven may be a comfort in times of suffering
  • Nearly all Christians beileve that after death heaven is where they will spend eternity
  • A belief in heaven encourages Christians to serve God and be obedient to him
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Puragtory

  • It is a Roman Catholic belief
  • Chatholic's believe that if you die in good spiritual state, in friendship with God, you will go to heaven. However, if you are not pure enough to go into God's pressence immediately you go into purification to achieve holiness
  • It is different from hell because people in purgatory know that they will go to heaven when they have been purified, this is why Catholic's pray for the dead
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Hell

  • It use to be thought of as a place of indescribable, eternal torture for non-believers, now it is thought that physical hell doesnt exist
  • Other Christians interpret hell to be annihilation: completely destroy so as to no longer exist, therefore not even the soul exists
  • Others think that hell is a way of expressing an eternal existance without God, it symbolic
  • Some who still believe in hell, prefer to convince non-believers to believe God is all forgiving rather than using the threat of hell
  • Pit 1: limbo (the unbaptised)

     Pit 2: the lustful

     Pit 3: the gluttonous

     Pit 4: the hoarders

     Pit 5: the wrathful

     Pit 6: the heretics

     Pit 7: the fraudulent

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Salvation, Redemption and the suffering of Christ

  • Salvation means to be saved by God from the punishment of their sins
  • Christians believe that salvation comes at a price and humans have to be redeemed, the price of salvation and redemption was the death of Jesus
  • Anyone who accepts the sacrifice of Jesus and who seeks forgiveness no longer stands guilty before God, and can now have aplace in Heaven
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God the Judge

  • God is the perfect and almightly judge
  • Jesus' sacrifice allows all people who follow him to have eternal life when they die
  • Catholics believe that at the last judgement Christ will come, and in his presence the truth of each man's relationship with God will be lauid bare, and anyone who has ever lived will be judged with purfect justice
  • Confession and repentance, God removes any wrongdoings and they are no longer guilty
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Funerals

  • A funeral reminds people that although the dead person can no longer be with us death is not the end
  • Prayers thank God for the life of the deceased person, and if they go to purgatory that they are released to heaven quickly (R.C)
  • When being buried or cremated there are the words: "ashes to ashes, dust to dust in sure and certain hope resurrection to eternal life"
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Beliefs about God and the Devil

  • God is the creator of all things, he is loving, compassionate, forgiving and faithful
  • The Bible describes the Devil as an angle that was thrown out of heaven, for trying to be equal to God, his power is limited
  • Adam and Eve, Jesus and Joab are examples of people who were tempted by the Devil
  • Some blame the Devil for the suffering on the earth
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Evil and suffering

  • According to most Christians evil was first shown when Eve disobeys God
  • Some Christians believe evil is necessary for humans to understand goodness
  • Some dont understand why there is evil and suffering and that maybe this is something only God can understand
  • Some say that they feel closer to God when they suffer becuase they realise their dependence on him
  • CHristians often believe that God has a plan for us all and does not make mistakes, so if this plan envolves suffering then it is meant to
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Bible, Conscience and Christ

  • They all tell Christians how to behave correctly
  • The ten commandments
  • Parables (The good samaritan)
  • General moral principles, taking general tachings from the Bible and applying them to everyday situations
  • Conscience, being able to sense right and wrong
  • Exmples from Jesus
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Religion and Science

  • Scientists believe in the Big Bang, but Christians still try to argue that the creation of the world could not have occured by chance
  • Charles Darwin went against Christian teachings to say we evolved and therefore werent created by God in human form
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Creation

  • Day 1: light and dark

Day 2: the sky

Day 3: earth, oceans and planets

Day 4: sun, moon and stars

Day 5: Birds and fish

Day 6:  People and animals

Day 7: God rested

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Stewardship

  • Christians teach that we should care for the planet that God created for us, we should care for animals as they dont have souls, we should try and stop polution and harm to the planet
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