Religion and Society; Rights and Responsibilities

Keywords for Chapter 1 of the Religion and Society GCSE book. 

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The bible is the holy book of the Christians which was inspired by God. This book has been written in two parts, the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Bible contains numerous teachings and rules advising people on how to live their life. 

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The Church is the community of Christians who worship in a church (small c). The Church (notice the capital C) is made up of the clergy, who are trained priests, and the laity, who are the ordinary worshippers. 

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The Decalogue

The Decalogue is another name for the Ten Commandments written in the Bible. Christians use these commandments to guide them through their lives and to make sure they are sticking to the rules.

An example of the commandments : Thou shall not murder, Though shall not steal etc

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A conscience is the inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action. Our conscience can often make us feel guilty about certain actions. Some Christians believe that their conscience is the holy spirit, or the voice of god, guiding them in what the best decision to do is. 

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The Golden Rule

The Golden rule is a teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you. Although this is not in the Decalogue, Christians believe this is one of the most important teachings in the bible. 

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Situation Ethics

Situation Ethics is the idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do. Although some Christians believe that is it the right guide to moral decisions because it is what Jesus taught, other Christians fault it saying you could still make a mistake. 

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Democratic Processes

Democratic Processes are the ways in which all citizens can take part in government, usually through elections. 

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Electoral Processes

Electoral Processes are the ways in which voting is organised. 

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Human Rights

Human rights are the rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled, regardless of gender, religion, race or sexuality. The Human Rights Act has been in place in British law since 1998.

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Political Party

A political party is a group which tries to be elected into power on the basis of its policies (e.g. Labour, Conservative)

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Pressure Group

A pressure group is a group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue. 

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Social Change

Social change is the way in which society has changed and is changing, and also the possibilities for future change. 

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