Religion and Society keywords unit 2

Chapter 1- Rights and responsibilities Chapter 2- Environmental and medical issues Chapter 3- Peace and conflict Chapter 4- Crime and Punishment

Rights and responsibilities

Bible: the holy book of Christians             

Church: the community of Christians

Conscience:feeling of rightness or wrongness 

the Decalogue: the ten commandments

democratic processes: the ways in which all citizens can take part in government

Electoral process: the way in which voting is organized

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the Golden rule: Jesus taught you should treat others how you want to be treated.

human rights: the rights and freedoms every human being is entitled to

political party: a group which tries to be elected into power in politics

pressure group: a group formed to influence government policy on a particular issue

Situation Ethics: the idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do.

Social change: the way in which society has changed and is still changing

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Environmental and medical issues

artificial insemination: injecting semen into the uterus by artificial means

conservation: protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment

creation: the act of creating the universe/the universe which has been created

embryo: a fertilized egg in the first eight weeks after conception

environment: the surroundings in which plants and animals live and on which they depend to live

global warming: the increase in temperature of the earth's atmosphere 

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infertility: not being able to have children

in-vitro fertilization: the method of fertilizing a human egg in a test tube

natural resources: naturally occuring materials, such as oil and fertile land which can be used by humans.

organ donation: giving organs to be used in transplant surgery

stewardship: looking after something so it can be passed onto the next generation

surrogacy: an arrangement whereby a woman bears a child on behalf of another woman who cannot have the child herself

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Peace and conflict

aggression: attacking, either verbally or physically, without being provoked

bullying: intimidating/ frightening people weaker than yourself

conflict resolution: bringing a fight or struggle to a peaceful conclusion

exploitation: taking advantage of a weaker group

forgiveness: stopping blaming someone and/or pardoning them for what they had done wrong

just war: a war which is fought for the right reasond and in a right way

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pacifism: the belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means

reconciliation: bringing together people who were opposed to each other

respect: treating a person or their feelings with consideration

the United nations: an international body set up to promote world peace and cooperation

weapons of mass destruction: weapons which can destroy large areas and numbers of people

world peace: the ending of war throughout the whole world

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Crime and punishment

addiction: a recurring compulsion to engage in an activity regardless of it's bad effects

capital punishment: the death penalty for a crime or offence

crime: an act against the law

deterrence: the idea that punishments should be of  such a nature that they will put off committing crimes

judgement: the act of judging people and their actions

justice: due allocation of reward and punishment/ the maintenance of what is right

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law: rules made by Parliament and enforcable by the courts

reform: the idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again

rehabilitaion: restore to normal life

responsibility: being responsible for one's actions

retribution: the idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong

sin: an act against the will of God

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