religion and social groups

HideShow resource information

Gender and religion

Clear gender differences in religiousity. Women are more likely to hold beliefs about God, life after death etc and are more likely to attend a place of worship. However- majority of professional clergy are males. Gender differences are true regardless of age, religion or religious organisation.

these gender differences can be explained through socialisation and gender roles.
Miller+Hoffman argue women are more religious as they're socialised into values highly regarded by religion-passive, caring (males who have these characteristics are more religious than males who don't.)

Women- more likely to be in caring responsibilities- care for others may mean they're closer to births+deaths- contact with religious beliefs about afterlife, meaning of life etc.

Women more likely to me marginalised- less likely to work, or part time work. More time to be involved in religious activities- gives them a personal identity

1 of 4

Women and sects

Bruce- women twice as likely as men to be in sects. More likely to experience marginalisation or relative deprivation.

Glock+Stark identify three forms of deprivation which mean more likely to be in a sect.

Social deprivation: women more likely to be poor. May explain why more women are in sects as they attract poorer groups.

Ethical deprivation: women tend to be morally conservative. Regard the world as being in moral decline and be attracted to sects as they share this view.

Organismic deprivation: stems from physical and mental health problems. Women more likely to suffer ill health and so seek healing through religion.

2 of 4

Religion and age

Church attendance higher for under 15s- no choice and have to go with parents. 15-19 they can make their own choice.
The ageing effect- view that people turn to religion when they get older. Approach death- naturally become more concerned about spiritual matters+afterlife- go to church.
The generational effect- as society becomes more secular, each new generation is lessw religious than the one before. More older than younger people- not because they're more attracted as they're older, but because they grew up at a time when religion was more popular.
Voas+Crockett- generational effect is more significant. Each generation is half as religious as their parents- expect a continuing rise in the average age of churchgoers.

:( world-rejecting NRMs appeal more to younger people.
:( world affirming NRMs and NAMs appeal to middle aged.

3 of 4

Religion and ethnicity

Ethnic minority groups have higher levels of participation in religion than the majority of the population.

Marginalisation- more likely to be marginalised due to racism in wider society. May lead to them joining sects.

Cultural defence- religion provides a focal point for their cultural identity in uncertain/hostile environments.

Cultural transition- providing support and a sense of community for minority groups in their new environment.

4 of 4

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Religion and beliefs resources »