Life Issues (Christianity)
Christians believe that all life comes from God.
says that we are made in God's image- Could be used against fertility treatments and cloning.
"Rule over the fish of the sea and birds of the air"- Could be used for xeno-transplantation.
Some Christians believe that if a child cannot be conceived naturally it is God's will.
Abraham's concubine, Hagar, has a child for him- Could suggest that surrogacy is OK.
"Life is in the blood" (Jehovah's Witnesses particularly) This statement is a reason why some Jehovah's Witnesses oppose blood transfusions.
Life Issues (Buddhism)
Analogy of the turtle- Being re-born as a human is vary rare so should be protected.
"I undertake to abstain from harming or killing any living being" - (First precept) Cloning, artificial fertility treatments can kill embryos.
"I will not take what is not given" Genetic engineering and cloning means taking another beings genes to be put in an embryo.
Karuna- (Compassion) Donating sperm or eggs in IVF, AID, AIH shows compassion.
Dukkha- A Buddhist aim is to stop suffering. Fertility treatments and blood/organ donations would stop someone suffering.
Buddhists leave the decision to the individual.
Euthanasia and Matters of Death (Christianity)
Sanctity of Life- All human life is sacred, holy and special no matter what state it is in.
Jesus promises us an afterlife, for example, in the parable of the sheep and the goats.
"Do not kill" Euthanasia is killing someone which goes against this commandment.
"Love your neighbour as you love yourself" Could support Euthanasia because if you were in pain you would want it to end.
Euthanasia and Matters of Death (Buddhism)
"I undertake to abstain from harming or killing any living being" - (First precept) Euthanasia is clearly killing someone so breaks this precept.
Right Intention- If the intention of Euthanasia is to end suffering and not to kill someone then it could be considered acceptable. If Karma is left over in someone's life it is taken into the next. Buddhists leave the decision to the individual.
Jesus drank wine (Last Supper) and turned water into wine so alcohol must be acceptable.
"Are bodies are a temple of the Holy Spirit" Drugs harm and destroy the body so would be harming the Holy Spirit (God)
"Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities"- Saint Paul- We should follow the law and not take drugs.
The Salvation Army tries to help addicts.
"Eat the herb of the field" Could be used in favour of taking drugs such as Cannabis. God told us to eat the herb (Cannabis) so it is acceptable.
"I undertake to abstain from intoxicating drugs and drugs that cause heedlessness" (Fifth Precept)
Right Action- Smoking, drinking and taking illegal drugs can cause harm to others such as passive smoking, car accidents e.t.c.
We should show addicts compassion and try to help them.
Some Zen Buddhists use Cannabis to help them attain enlightenment.
Right Mindfulness- Taking drugs means a person is unaware of their actions and often regret silly decisions.
Crime and Punishment (Christianity)
"Do not kill"- This would go be used against the death penalty.
"Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities"- Saint Paul- We should follow the law and not engage in criminal activities.
"An eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth." - If someone does something to you, you have the right for revenge. Could be used in favour of capital punishment.
"If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also"- This shows that we should be more concerned about forgiving criminals rather than focussing on getting revenge.
Crime and Punishment (Buddhism)
Karma- If you do something bad, something bad will happen to you.
Metta- (Loving Kindness) We should be concerned about the wellbeing of others and not want them to suffer, even criminals.
"I undertake to abstain from harming or killing any living being" - (First precept)
This could be used against the death penalty and would make a Buddhist not want to commit a crime because It would harm other living beings.
Rich and Poor in Society[UK] (Christianity)
2 Thessalonians 3;9
"Whoever refuses to work is not allowed to eat"
It is wrong to be lazy and not work.
The parable of the good samaritan- It is made prominent in this parable that we should look after other who are in need of our help.
"The love of money is the root of all evil"- Some christians believe it is acceptable to have money as it is God's wish for them to become rich. The problem is when they become in love with it.
"It is much harder for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven than for a camel to go through the eye of a needle."
Rich and Poor in Society[UK] (Buddhism)
"Wealth is neither good nor bad"
Generosity is one of the six perfections to becoming a bodhisattva.
Right Effort- A Buddhist should work hard at their job and do it to the best of their ability, earning a large amount is only a bi-product of this.
Tanha- (Craving) Gambling or playing the Lottery in the hope of winning will only lead to suffering and so are not approved of by many Buddhists.