Religion and equality.

GCSE Ethics OCR. Religion and equality topic. Contains definitions and key points.

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  • Created by: Fran
  • Created on: 08-06-11 16:53


Discrimination-Unjust or prejudicial treatment because of race, gender, age or disability.

Ecumenical-Different christian denominations working together.

Equality-Treating people as equals regardless of gender, race or religious beliefs.

Eucharist-The christian ceremony commemorating the Last Supper, in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed.

Evangelism-persuading others to share your faith.

Forgiveness-forgiving someone for something they have done wrong.

Prejudice-Making judgements not based on reason or experience.

Proselytising-Trying to convert people from their religion to yours.

Racism-prejudice, discrimination or ill treatment against someone because of their race.

Reconciliation-Restoring friendly relations.

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Repentance-Sincere regret or remorse from ones actions.

Sexism-Prejudice, stereotyping or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of their sex.


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On 10 December 1948 the United Nations Declarations of Human rights was formally adopted. The first two Articles state that everyone should have exactly the same rights and freedoms:

Article one: Humans are all born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards each other in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article two: Everyone is entitled to all the rights amd freedoms set forth in this Declaration without distinction of any kind.

Despite this equality is not achieved.

Christians are told that humans are made in the image of God, they all matter to god and as a result of Gods attitudes christians treat everyone with the same respect.

Treat others as you want to be treated;'Love your neighbour as yourself.'-Jesus treated everyone equal. Even women which he showed respect to.

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Racism and Sexism.

Many occasions of racism in the history of Christianity.

  • Crusades many Europeans killed in the name of Christianity.
  • Spain invaded South America and killed many in attempts to convert them to Christianity, Spanish navy also took over their wealth.
  • Slave plantations in Caribbean and American Deep South owned by christians. However christian churches condemn slavery and racism.

Sexism is typically against women, in the past many people have felt the women and men possess different skills and therefore seen the need to treat them differently. The church is often accused of being sexist as the language used seems to be in the favour of Men and God is almost always referred to as male.This has traditionally led to people thinking men should go out to work while women bring up children however many Christians now believe in equality for both.

Catholics only allow male priests as they think that the words spoken by jesus in mass should be spoke by a male. Other denominations are more open to women.

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Racism and Sexism.

Racism and Sexism.

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Attitudes towards other religions.

Christians believe in evangelism and try to encourage others. They think everyone has the right to practise their own religion but only Christianity has the complete truth about God. Others believe that all religions are worshipping God.

Christians become missionaries as they believe that it is their christian duty to convert as many people as possible and spread the message of God as Christianity is the only way to reach heaven after life. Many do it in their country or in others.

Ecumenism is the name given to the work that tries to unite Christians of all denominations in order to celebrate the fact that all confess to the Lord Jesus Christ. This is done on the World Council or Churches.

Taize is a place of pilgrimage particularly for young people all across the world. As an ecumenical community it tries to break down the barriers between christian denominations. They camp in fields and join in daily worship singing simple songs in Latin, German, French and English. Meditation and reflection as well as other ways of worship occur.

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Attitudes towards other religions.

Attitudes towards other religions.

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Forgiveness and Reconcilliation.

Forgiveness is the act of allowing a person to reform themselves after doing wrong. It can be hard to forgive one but Jesus taught that forgiveness and love are at the centre of his teaching; Love your neighbour as you love yourself.

If Christians wish to be forgiven by God they should first learn to forgive others.

Reconciliation in the Roman Catholic church is when a person can ask for forgiveness through the Sacrament of Reconciliation, where they tell a priest what they have done and the priest helps them make amend through prayer and repentance.

Many Christians think the central act of forgiveness and reconciliation is in the sacrament of the Eucharist. They believe that God sent Jesus to be sacrificed on the cross in order to reconcile God with humanity. Eucharist helps remind Christians that humans are forgiven through the death and resurrection of Jesus.

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Reconciliation and Forgiveness.

Reconciliation and Forgiveness.

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this has some good information, but it would be more helpful if there were quotes

Ilsa Nazish


helpful but re topics have changed after 2012 exams i am revising the new re do you have any information on  the new syllabus it'd be really great if you do thanks

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