Religion and Community Cohesion

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  • Created by: Diellza
  • Created on: 26-04-13 22:22

3.4.1

How attitudes to the roles of Men and Women Have Changed in the UK

Laws have changed so that women can...

1. Keep their property seperate from their husband

2. Vote in elections and become councillors and MPs

3. Recieve the same pay for the same work

4. Not be discriminated against

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3.4.1

Why the attitudes to the roles of Men and Women have Changed in the UK?

1. The suffragettes showed that women would no longer accept second class status

2. During WW1 and WW2 women did jobs previously done by men and did them just as well

3. The granting of equal rights in other countries made it hard to say they were not needed in the UK

4. Economic changes meant more women workers were needed

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3.4.2

Different Christian attitudes to equal rights for Women in Religion

Catholic View

1. Genesis Chapter 1 says men and women were made together in God's image so are equal

2. The Catechism says men and women should have equal rights

3. Only men can be priests as all the apostles were men

4. Only men can be priests as Jesus was a man and the priest represents Jesus at Mass

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3.4.2

Different Christian attitudes to equal rights for women in religion

Traditional Protestant View

1. In the Bible, St Paul said women should not speak or teach in church

2. In the story of Adam and Eve it says Adam (Man) was made first

3. All the apostles were man

4. It has always been the tradition that Christians leaders were men

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3.4.2

Different Christian attitudes to equal rights for women in religion

Modern Protestant View

1. Genesis chapter 1 says men and women were made together in God's image so we are equal

2. In some of his letters St Paul says men and women are equal

3. There is evidence thet Jesus treated women as equals e.g. some of his followers were women

4. There may have been women priests in the early church

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3.4.3

The Nature of the UK as a multi-ethnic society

The problems of discrimination and racism...

1. Prejudiced employers will not give jobs to certain racial or religious groups

2. Landlords might refuse housing to some racial or religious groups

3. Teachers might discriminate leading to lower results

4. Police officers might pick on certain racial or religious groups

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3.4.3

The Nature of the UK as a multi-ethnic society

The effects of these problems...

1. Certain groups might feel they treated unfairly and begin to work against society

2. Some politicians believe that some young Muslims join extremist Islamic groups because they feel they are discriminated against

3. Some politicians believe that young black people turn to crime because they feel they will not get good jobs because of discrimination

4. Racism and discrimination can lead to groups like the BNP stirring up hatred and violence 

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3.4.3

The Nature of the UK as a multi-ethnic society

Benefits of living in a mult-ethnic society...

1. People of different groups will get to know each other and probably marry

2. A variety of food, music, fashion and entertainment will make life more interesting

3. New people will bring in new ideas and more progress will be made

4. A multi-ethnic society helps people to live in a world of multi-national companies and economic inter-dependence

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3.4.4

Goverment action to promote community cohesion in the UK 

1. The Race Relations Act makes it illegal to discriminate against anyone because of race, colour and nationality

2. The Racial and Religious Hatred Act makes it illegal to use threatening words or behaviour about beliefs

3. Community Cohesion is taught as part of the National Curriculum

4. The Crime and Disorder Act allows more severe punishment for crimes involving racial or religious hatred 

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3.4.4

Goverment action to promote community cohesion in the UK

Why community cohesion is important for multi-ethnic and multi-faith societies...

1. Without it different groups have different ideas about what the society should be like. This can lead to violence as in Bradford 2001.

2. The London bombers (7th July 2005) were British Citizens who had lost their allegiance to Britain

3. In countries without community cohesion e.g. Iraq violence is a way of life

4. Without it, it is impossible for people to cooperate in the way modern living needs

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3.4.5

Why Catholics should promote racial harmony?

1. The parable of the Good Samaritan shows that different races should love each other as neighbours

2. St Peter had a vision showing God had no favourites among the races

3. St Paul taught that all races are equal in Christ as they are made in God's image

4. The Catechism says racism is wrong

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3.4.6

The work of the Church to help asylum seekers and immigrant workers

How the Catholic Church help...

1. The Office for Refugee Policy observes what is happening and represents the Bishops

2. English language classes and help with setting up home

3. Legal advice for immigrants

4. Mass in other languages

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3.4.6

The work of the Catholic Church to help asylum seekers and immigrant workers

Why the Catholic Chuch helps...

1. The Bible says God requires his followers to seek justice for everyone

2. The Parable of the Good Samaritan and the Sheep and Goats

3. The Catechism says Christians should seek justice for the oppressed

4. Jesus was a refugee when the holy family fled to Egypt to escape Herod

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3.4.7

The UK as a multi-faith society

The benefits of living in a multi-faith society...

1. People can learn about other religions and see what they have in common

2. People may think more about how they practice their own religion

3. People may become more understanding and respectful about other religions

4. Religious freedom may help stop religious conflicts

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3.4.8

Differences among Christians in their attitudes to other religions

Catholic View

1. Inclusivism- other relgions have some truth but only Christianity has the full truth

2. It is the teaching of the Catechism

3. Jesus is the son of God who shows what God is like

4. The Bible says that Christianity has the full truth

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3.4.8

Differences among Christians in their attitudes to other religions

Evangelical Protestant View

1. Exclusivism - Christianity is the only way to come to God so everyone should be converted

2. Jesus said he was the only way to God

3. Converting non-Christians shows love to them

4. Jesus told his followers to convert all nations

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3.4.8

Differences among Christians in their attitudes to ther religions

Liberal Protestant

1. Pluralism - all religions are equal and are just different ways of finding God

2. They believe God is a force like gravity which can be discovered in different ways

3. They see Muslims, Hindus etc leading good holy lives

4. They believe there is room for other religions in heaven as Jesus said there are many rooms

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3.4.9

Issues raised for religion by a multi-faith society

Conversion

1. Many religions see it their duty to convert everyone because theirs is the only true religion

2. Their holy books tell them to convert non-believers so they can go to heaven

3. This can cause problems because it can be seen as discromination and lead to violence

4. It is impossible to say all other religions are wrong unless you have studied them all

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3.4.9

Issues raised for religion by a mult-faith society

Bringing up children

1. This can cause problems because most religions require parents to bring their children up as members

2. Parents may worry what will happen to their children after death if they do not stay in their religion

3. There is social pressure on parents to make their children stay in the faith

4. Children taught in state schools may be tempted to copy the lifestyles of non-religious teenagers 

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3.4.9

Issues raised for religion by a multi-faith society

Inter-faith Marriages

1. This can cause problems because some religions require the bride and groom to be members in order to have a religious ceremony

2.Which children will the children be brought up in?

3. What will happen to the couple after death? Will they be together?

4. Parents and relatives may feel betrayed

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3.2.10

Ways in which religions work to promote community cohesion

1. The Pope had meetings with Muslim leaders

2. Some Protestant and Liberal Jews have developed wedding services for mixed faith couples. They have set up a website to offer help and advice.

3. Faith groups have agreed to teach about the main religions in their schools

4. Some groups encourage mixed faith parents to bring their children up in both faiths

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