Religion Summer Test Year 10

  • Created by: Conorcog
  • Created on: 18-11-17 12:00

Prejustice + Exam Style Questions

Prejustice is an unjustified attitude, idea or opinion towards an individual based on the social groups the individual is in. Eg Assuming a person is stupid because of the way they dress. Discrimination is when negative behavior and actions towards an individual are made because of prejustices; prejustice put into action. Eg Treating people differently because of the way they dress. The difference between prejustice and discrimination is that people may not act upon prejustices. Therefore we can hold prejustices towards people without discriminating. 

I agree/disagree with the question because of the following three reasons:                       

 Firstly:                                                                                                                                    Secondly:                                                                                                                                      Thirdly:

On the other hand. some people may disagree with me because of these three reasons.

Firstly:                                                                                                                                              Secondly:                                                                                                                                              Finally:

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The Good Samaritan

An expert in scipture asked Jesus what was needed to obtain eternal life. Jesus said to follow the scriptures. The expert asked if you should love your neighbour like you love yourself, who would qualify as a neighbour. Jesus replied with a parable. A man was going from Jerusalem to Jericho, when he was attacked by robbers. They robbed him, beat him and left him half dead on a road. A priest walked down the road, but crossed sides to avoid the man. Another man, a Levite, did the same. Then a travelling Samaritan walked down. He took pity and bandaged the man's wounds. He put him on his donkey and paid an innkeeper money to look after the man. He said he would return and pay for the man's treatment. Jesus asked who the true neighbour was to the robbed man, and when the answer was the Samaritan, Jesus told him to follow the Samaritan's example.

A Pharisee named Simon invited Jesus for a meal. As they prepared, a sinful woman bought expensive perfume and poured it on Jesus's feet, drying it with her hair. Simon thought that Jesus is a fraud as he let a sinner pour perfume, that could be sold with proceeds going to the poor, on his feet,  but Jesus told a parable. He spoke of 2 men, one pardoned 50 denarii and the other 500. Jesus asked who was more grateful, and Simon agreed it was the man pardoned more money. Jesus revealed Simon had not washed Jesus's feet or performed any of the traditions befitting guests, but the woman had. Therefore, he forgave her sins, leaving Simon wondering who this man was who thought he could pardon sinners.

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Zacchaeus + Simon the Pharisee

A short but wealthy taxcollecter named Zacchaeus arrived to see Jesus pass through Jericho. He climbed a tree to see over the heads of the crowds. Jesus walked over to Zacchaeus and told him to get down from the tree, as Jesus would stay at his house that night. Zacchaeus was delighted, but the crowd were furious Jesus would stay with a sinner. Zacchaeus then promised to give half his money to the poor, and pay back four times what he owed to anyone he had cheaten money from. Jesus said that salvation had came to Zacchaeus. The crowd were content with Zacchaeus's apology and let him take Jesus to dinner.

A Pharisee named Simon invited Jesus for a meal. As they prepared, a sinful woman bought expensive perfume and poured it on Jesus's feet, drying it with her hair. Simon thought that Jesus is a fraud as he let a sinner pour perfume, that could be sold with proceeds going to the poor, on his feet,  but Jesus told a parable. He spoke of 2 men, one pardoned 50 denarii and the other 500. Jesus asked who was more grateful, and Simon agreed it was the man pardoned more money. Jesus revealed Simon had not washed Jesus's feet or performed any of the traditions befitting guests, but the woman had. Therefore, he forgave her sins, leaving Simon wondering who this man was who thought he could pardon sinners.

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The Five Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

Shahadah (Belief in Allah) The importance of this is that it is a declaration of faith in Allah that helps Muslims to remember Allah all the time.

Salat (Prayer) The importance of this is that it reminds Muslims to say prayers to Allah five times a day.

Zakah (Giving to Charity) The importance of this is that it reminds Muslims to give 2.5% of their leftover income to the poor.

Sawn (Fasting) The importance of this is that it reminds Muslims not to eat during the daylight hours of the month of Ramadan.

Hajj (Pilgrimage) The importance of this is that it reminds Muslims of a trip to Makah that Muslims should take at least once in their lifetime.

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Islam - Key Facts

Second largest religion in the world, behind Christianity.

Followers are called Muslims

The word Islam means "submission"

The Qu'ran is the Holy Book

The Mosque is the Islam place of worship.

The Holy Place is Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

The two main denominations are Sunni and Shia.

Muslims follow the 5 Pillars of Islam.

The cresent moon and star is the internationally recognised symbol of Islam. It represents the idea that Islam provides guidance like the moon and stars provide guidance in the desert.

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Muhammed

Muhammed was born in 570 AD, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. He was orphaned at a young age, so he was raised by his grandfather, and then his uncle.

In AD 610 Muhammed, aged 40, had a vision of the Angel Gabriel on Mount Hira. He preached the ways of Allah for 13 years in Mecca before leaving for Vathrib.

In AD 630, aged 60, Muhammed returned to Mecca and set about converting it to the way of Islam. He destroyed the idols contained in the Kaaba and made the Kaaba a place of worship for Muslims instead.

In  AD 632 Muhammed died aged 63 after a farewell pilgrimage. For Muslims this proves that he was only a slave of Allah and a human being, not a divine one.

Muslims must love, respect and obey Muhammed but not worship him. As a result there are no depictions of Muhammed so he cannot become an idol, Muslims say peace by upon him after his name to show respect. Muhammed is the Seal of the Prophets. Muhammed preached about how men were all equal and only their deeds seperate them in Allah's eyes.

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The Qu'ran

The Qu'ran is the sacred text of Islam. It is divided into 14 chapters called suras.

The Qu'ran is written in Arabic and Muslims are required to read and recite it in Arabic.

Faithful Muslims read the Qu'ran every day. The Qu'ran is meant to guide Muslims.

The Qu'ran consists of the true words of Allah, as recited by Muhammed who learned them from the angel Gabriel. All Allah's revelations are enclosed. As a result the book is kept on the highest shelf of the room it is in and Muslims wash their hands before reading from it to show respect. 

People who can recite the Qu'ran from memory are awarded the title hafiz (guardian)

Muslims can learn more about the life of Muhammed from the Hadith. It is not scripture, but contains traditional stories about Muhammed's life that Muslims believe help them lead good lives.

Most Muslims keep Sharia Law or Allah's Law. It is considered a very harsh law today.

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Core Beliefs of Islam

Core Beliefs of Islam

There is no God but Allah

No one has a future without Allah

Angels are Messengers of Allah

God has communicated with people through sacred books

The prophets are sent to speak for Allah

There will be final judgement and a life after death

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Last Week of Jesus's Life

2 days before the Passover, chief priests and teachers of the law met up. They tried to find a way to arrest Jesus. They wanted to catch him in secret and kill him. They agreed not to do it during the festival, because the people might riot.

Judas Iscariot was one of the 12 disciples. He approached the Council and offered to betray Jesus. The priests happily offered a sum of money for the betrayal. Judas agreed and started looking for an oppurtunity to betray Jesus.

When the disciples were eating, Jesus announced one of them would betray him. Jesus added that for the person who betrayed him, it would be better had they not been born. Jesus then gave a prayer of thanks for the bread, blessed it, and shared it out. He did the same with the wine. Jesus said the bread and wine were his body and blood. He claimed he would never drink wine again until he was in the Kingdom of God. The disciples sang a hymn and they headed to the Mount of Olives.

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Last Week of Jesus's Life 2

Garden of Gethsemane: When the disciples reached Gethsemane Jesus told them to sit and wait as he prayed. Jesus said his heart was filled with sorrow and the disciples should keep watch. Jesus asked God to take the cup of suffering away from him, but to do what God wants, not what Jesus asks. Jesus returned to find the disciples sleeping. He warned them the body was weak but the soul strong. Then he prayed again. He returned to find the disciples sleeping. The next time this happened, Jesus said, "Enough! The hour has come! The Son of Man will be handed over to sinners." Then Judas approached with a mob of people with swords and clubs. Judas said the man he kissed was Jesus, so he went to Jesus, called him Rabbi and kissed him. The mob arrested Jesus. Jesus asked the mob why they didn't arrest him when he was defenceless in the temple. A disciple cut off the ear of a priest's servant, then all the disciples fled. A man in a cloth chased Jesus, but ran away naked when he was seized.

Jesus before the Jewish Council: Jesus was taken to the High Priest's house, where almost the whole Sanhedrin was gathered. Peter followed and went into a courtyard. The priests couldn't find evidence. People gave false evidence, saying that, "He said he will tear down the Temple, and in three days build up one not made by men." But their evidence was conflicting. The High Priest asked Jesus if he was the Messiah. Jesus agreed. The High Priest tore his robes in anger and said Jesus was blaspheming. The Sanhedrin all voted Jesus was guilty.

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Last Week of Jesus's Life 3

Peter Denies Jesus: A servant woman approached Peter. She said he was with Jesus of Nazereth. Peter denied it, saying he did not know what she spoke about. The woman told the bystanders that Peter was definitely one of them. They bystanders agreed, but Peter said he didn't know Jesus. The bystanders said he was from Gallilee, and as Peter denied for the third time the bird crowed for the second time. Peter remembered Jesus saying he would deny Jesus 3 times before the bird crowed twice, and broke into tears.

The Roman Trial: The chief priests were with the elders, discussed plans on sentencing Jesus, and handed him over. Pilate asked if Jesus was the King of the Jews. Jesus replied with, "So you say." The priests accused Jesus of many things. "Aren't you going to defend yourself?" Pilate asked. "Look at all the accusations they are bringing against you!" Jesus said nothing, and Pilate was amazed. Pilate set free one prisoner each year, so he asked the crowd if they wanted Jesus free. The priests got the crowd to ask for Barabbas. Then the crowd demanded for Jesus to be crucified. Pilate handed Jesus over, and the guards mocked him by putting a purple robe on him, with a crown of thorns. They saluted him and kicked him, then put his normal clothes back on and led him to be crucified.

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Last Week of Jesus's Life 4

Jesus's Crucifixion and Death: On the way to Golgotha (place of the Skull) soldiers forced Simon of Cyrene to carry Jesus's cross. Jesus refused to drink wine mixed with myrrh, and the guards crucified him and divided his clothes. It was 9am, and the tag read King of the Jews. People passing by insulted Jesus, laughing and telling him to get down from the cross. Even the two bandits also being crucified mocked him. From noon to 3pm the country was covered in darkness. At three o'clock, Jesus cried out, "My God, My God, why have you betrayed me?" People thought he was calling for Elijah, so they got a sponge covered in cheap wine and pressed it to Jesus's lips. With a loud cry, Jesus died. The curtain hanging in the temple was torn in two, and the army official watching said Jesus really was the Son of God.

Jesus's Burial: At evening, Joseph Arimathea, a respected council member and follower of Jesus, approached Pilate to ask for Jesus's body. Pilate was surprised Jesus was already dead, and asked his official if that was true. He agreed to hand over the body. Joseph bought a linen sheet and put Jesus's body in it. He placed Jesus in a tomb carved from rock. Then he rolled a large stone over the tomb. Mary Magdelene, Salome and Mary the mother of James and Joseph all saw where Jesus had been buried.

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Last Week of Jesus's Life 5

Jesus's Resurrection: Once Sabbath had ended, early on the Sunday morning, Mary Magdelene, Salome and Mary all bought spices to annoint Jesus's body with. They brought the spices to where they saw Joseph put Jesus's body. While they were getting there, they wondered who would roll away the stone, as it was very large. Once they arrived, the stone had already been moved away. Inside the tomb on the right side, a man in white was sitting. He told the women not to be alarmed, and that Jesus had really risen from the dead. He told them to tell the disciples to go to Galilee. The women were afraid, and ran away, trembling and bewildered. They were so afraid they told no one.

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