religion in a global context


religious fundamentalism

characteristics-  sacred text, us and them mentality, aggressive reaction, modern technology, patriarchy, prophecy and conspiracy theories

fundamentalism and modernity-DAVIE threat of modernity and feel the need to defend themselves. GIDDENS- product of and reaction to globalisation

cosmopolitanism- embraces modernity, resistance identity and project identitiy. criticisms-ignorant of hybrid movements,  ignores other important development. ignores important differences between fundamentalism

Monotheism and fundamentalism - BRUCE confined to monotheistic religions, specific rules for believers to follow. the west- change taking place within society third world- from the outside

secular fundamentalism- enlightenment era. Davie - past their sell by date. cultrual racism. uncertainties

clash of civilisations- us and them relationships. competition

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cultural defence

BRUCE- religion serves to unite a community against an external threat.

POLAND- communist rule. the church serves as a rallying point.


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religion and development

god and globalisation

Hinduism and consumerism- globalisation/educated/ middle class continue to believe in the supernatural

hindu ultra- nationalism -the superiority of Hindu values. worship of Hindu gods become the worship of the nation

capitalism in East Asia  success of capitalism is East Asia = Calvinism and development of capitalism


BERGER functional equivalent to WEBERS protestant ethic

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