Religion & Planet Earth

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Effects of Climate Change

  • Climate change is the change in the average weather of an area, including temperature, rainfall & humidity
  • It can be caused by burning fossil fuesls, deforestation & using electricity 
  • This has increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the air, causing global warming


  • Submersion of normally dry land by an overflow of water
  • Can happen quickly or over a period of time


  • A period of time where the land has a decrease in water supply
  • Lead to the death of crops and plants- increase in prices
  • Poorer families cannot eat
  • Cause famine & dehydration in both animals and humans
  • High risk of contaminated water
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  • Contaminants enter the natural environment- damages environment & ecosystem
  • Causes global warming & illnesses in humans & animals
  • Acid rain- kills plantlife, pollutes rivers, corrodes stone

Oil Spills:

  • Cause long term damages
  • High demand- needs to be transported around the world- high risk of spill
  • Costs billions to clean up & harms animals & fish


  • Chemicals that kill insects & weeds, but also crops & organic life
  • Pollute the ground & carried in the air

Toxic Chemicals:

  • Harm the environment & human health
  • Batteries contain chemicals- dangerous & difficult to dispose of
  • Produced by indtustries, who leak the chemicals into seas & rivers
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Effect of Modern-day Lifestyles


  • Omit greenhouse gases & affect the ozone layer- protects the earth from harmful rays
  • Affect the amoun of breathable air in the atmosphere


  • Release carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide- causes acid rain, ozone- harmful to heath & smog


  • Conserves natural resources , Reduces energy consumption 
  • Boosts economy , Creates jobs & could save money


  • Can be built on when complete, can be processed to extract recyclable materials
  • However, they smell, look unsightly, pollute water and soil
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Effect of Modern-day Lifestyles Part 2

Household Waste:

  • Everything in a typical household bin- food, packaging, furniture etc.

Industrial Waste:

  • Contains dangerous chemicals that are difficult to dispose of
  • Harm human heath & the environment
  • Nuclear waste is radioactive & lasts for many years
  • Can pollute soil & drinking water
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Religious Attitudes

Buddhism: May use nature but not exploit it , Only take what we need

Christianity: Should conserve the Earth- stewardship


  • Everything is part of god- Brahman
  • Important to care for the whole world
  • Wellbeing depends on their attitude towards the earth and it's resources


  • World belongs to Allah
  • To harm environment means that they are abusing the authority given by Allah

Judaism: Torah teaches that the land should be shared and never exploited

Sikhism: Humans are part of nature and should preserve & care for the Earth

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Using Natural Resources

Non- renewable:

  • A natural resoure that will one day run out- eg. fossil fuels
  • Oil is used to form petrol, bottles, plastic bags etc.
  • Gas is used for ovens, stoves etc. It is a clean burning fuel & cheaper than oil

Fossil fuels:

  • Easily available, easy to extract & provide a lot of energy
  • Release carbin dioxide & sulfur dioxide

Renewable Sources:

  • Solar power: Expensive & only effective if there is enough sunlight
  • Wind turbines: Spokes turn to generate electricity
  • Also wave generators & geothermal energy
  • Cheaper and will always be here
  • Expensive to install, difficult to generate, amount of energy may change depending on the weather
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Destruction Of Natural Habitats

  • Places where wild animals or plants live

Habitat Destruction:

  • Process of which natural habitats are made unable to support wildlife, so they die
  • Disrupts the area's ecosystem- main cause of species extinction worldwide
  • Can be caused by climate change, mining, urbanisation, deforestation etc.


  • Cutting down a large amount of forest
  • Usually done to clear the land for farmers, raise crops or cut trees for furniture, building etc.
  • Increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the air & destroys animal habitats
  • Canbe prevented by banning clear cutting, encouraging recycling & relanting trees
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The Eden Project & ARocha

Conservation: protecting our natural environment, resources & animals, so future generation can use them

The Eden Project:

  • Aims to educate the public about the natural world and its resources
  • Plans to raise awareness and educate children
  • Explain to visitors the issue of sustainable development- using natural resources concientiously so they will be available for future use

ARocha (Founded in 1983)

  • A christian organisation that aims to conserve nature and educate about the environment
  • Belive in 5 main commitments- Christian, Conservation, Community, Cross-culteral and Co-operation
  • Conduct independant project to restore parts of the world & help civilians
  • Eg. Conserving asian elephants, teaching farmers
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Christian attitudes & teachings

Psalm 8:

  • God put humans in charge, so they should be thankful and only use what they need

Genesis 1, Verse 28:

  • People should be caring, but controlling of the resources being used
  • All life has a purpose & humans have to provide for all

Genesis 3, Verses 18-19:

  • Although humans have control, disobeying God's word will lead to the Earth being polluted
  • Implies that humans will have to work for their food
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Harvest Festival

A celebration of the food grown on the land

Celebrated by singing, praying & decorating

Usually during September

Reminds Christians of all the good things that God has given them

To show God their thanks, Christians will share with those not so fortunate

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Earth Summits

An Earth Summit is a meeting where religious leaders from different countries discuss threats-such as endangered animals- to the Earth, then agree international action to take

  • Rio de Janeiro 1992: Resulted in Agenda 21- encourages countries to use alternative sources of energy
  • Kyoto 1997: Kyoto Protocol- countries promised to cut their greenhouse gas emissions & agreed to pay other countries if they didnt decrease their emmisions
  • Johannesburg 2002: Countries agreed to combat species extinction, loss of fish in the sea & amount of people living without clean water by 2015
  • Rio de Janeiro 2012 (Rio +20): Resulted in a document called 'The Future We Want', where 192 countries agreed to renew thie rpolitical commitment to sustainable development, similar to 'Agend 21'
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