- Created by: leeannnee
- Created on: 25-03-19 18:50
My Last Duchess: Robert Browning
- Duke Alfonso married three times
- No male heirs from children had. All wives died suspiciously
- Victorian Era: Repression
- Objectifying with Personal Pronouns "my last duchess" and metaphors "that piece"/"is my object"
- Jealous Imagination: "called a spot of joy" / "heart to soon made glad"
Structure + Form
- unrehersed speech (arrogance is habit) + loss of emotion control "or blush, at least. She thanked men- good! But thanked somehow- I know not how-"
- Constant Pentameter and Rhyme AABBCC = constant vanity
- Dramatic Monologue with only one stanza = self importance
My Last Duchess Quote Embedding
- Looking as if she were alive
- Officious fool
- 900 year old name
- never to stoop
La Belle Dame Sans Merci: John Keats
- Romantic Period 1770-1850
- wrote on political + social movement
- message: dangers with obssession
- warning, ominous tone: "they cried... thee hath in thrall!"
- Breaking down of relationships with seasons: "and no birds sing"
- hints about death "lily on thy brow" / "full beautiful- fairy's child" - also captivated in love
Structure + Form:
- Cyclical: "I sojourn here palely loitering" meaning he is trapped in his fate
- Tetrameter + ABCB + Quatrain = rhythmical = he's entranced
- Ballad form to help get message + warning across easily
La Belle Dame Sans Merci Quote Embedding
- Horrid warning gaped wide
- She looked at me as if she loved
- lulled me to sleep
- Fading rose
- Pale Kings, Princes too, Pale Warriors, death pale were they all
A Child to his Sick Grandfather: Joanna Baillie
- Father died 1783 but published poem for him in 1790 = dad has turned to a grandfather now
- Romantic period: issue is on children losing the ones they lost
- Semantic field of Fraility: "old and frail" / "how lank and thin your beard" / "wan,hollow... cheeks"
- defensive child: "housewives... potions brew... gossip" - childlike imagery
- Rhyme couplets with Tetrameter then Trimeter = strict structure = child only sees black/white
- break in rhyme in sestets 3,7,8 = child's emotion to accept death "cheeks...breaks"
- Present tense at start, Past in 2nd, Future in 5th = child comes to term with death.
- Lyrical Poem: personal 1st person emotions
A Child to his Sick Grandfather Quote Embedding
- vexed to see you, sit beside you, love my old, why are you ailing, fill with cheer - DAD
- tell me how good children did
- say their prayers
- You love a story dad
Sonnet 43: Elizabeth Browning
- Addressed to husband Robert + 43rd/44 Sonnets written
- Breaks 19th century (1850) normalities and shows that women can declare love too
- Parents wouldn't allow marriage = autobiographical
- Capital letters: "Being... Ideal Grace... Right.... Praise..." = devoutly religious to love.
- Syndetic Listing: "depth and breadth and height" = so much to describe = vast love
- Repetition of "I love thee" = persistent love and very powerful
- Punctuation: "how do i love thee?... count the ways!-" "Smiles, tears, of all my life!-"
- ABBA rhyme + constant pentameter = perfect love BUT:
Form: Breaks Peterarchan Sonnet rules because she isn't constraining her love esp. w/ punct.
Sonnet 43 Quote Embedding
- In my old griefs
- With my lost saints
- I shall love thee better after death
- My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight
A Complaint: William Wordsworth
- Romanticist (1807) and thought about how he was always challenged
- Affected by lost: Orphaned, lost 1st wife and 3 children
- Lost friend Sam Taylor Coleridge who took opium for poems = personality change
- Extended Metaphor: Water "Comfortless and hidden well" of unreachable water and friendship which is non flowing. Connotation: can't survive without water
- Cyclical: "there is a change... -such a change" + contrast with past and present tense
- Punctuation Breaks: "a well of love- it may be deep- i trust that is, - and never dry:"
Form: ABABCC + couplet shows clear negative emotions + rhyme break = relationship break
- Tetrameter = seriousness of complaint and possibly monotonous = no more relationship
A Complaint Quote Embedding
- Not long ago fountain at my fond heart's door... only business was to flow
- consecrated fount of murmuring, sparkling living love --> comfortless + hidden
- Waters sleep in silence + obscurity
- Hath made me poor
She Walks in Beauty: Lord Byron
- Writes about a wife of a friend who seems so beautiful; respects that her "love is innocent."
- 1814 Romanticist that recognised his personal emotion influence and that heart > head
- alliteration + assonance: "cloudless climes and starry skies" = smooth feeling
- extended metaphor + simile: "like the night" = woman is one of a kind w/ original desc.
- antithesis: "one shade the more, one ray the less" = confusion in feelings to admit love
- 3 sestets with ABABAB and tetrameter = regularity of walk but also faultless perfection BUT:
- enjambment: so much beauty; there's to much to describe that he can't pause for breath
Form: Lyrical Poem = w/ music + so in love he would want to sing his declaration.
She Walks in Beauty Quote Embedding
- So soft, so calm, yet so eloquent
- A heart who's love is innocent
- Meet her in aspect and her eyes
- Smiles that win, tints that glow
Neutral Tones: Thomas Hardy
- Famous for pessimistic writing
- Faced many disappointments with relationships
- Written 1867 but published 1887 to emphasise theme of memory
- Negativity Semantic Field: "eyes on me/rove" "smile...deadest thing"
- Imagery with seasons: "pond that winter" "few leaves... fallen from an ash, and were gray"
- Cyclical: "face, god-curst sun, and a tree" can't come to terms and revisits memory in 1-3
- Uneven rhythm = uncomfortable relationship BUT even ABBA rhyme = speaker is forcing himself to feel neutral about this break down
Form: 4 quatrains = very controlled w/ couplet BB trapped in A-A = lack of love/hiding emotion
Neutral Tones Quotes Embedding
- words played between us to and fro
- keen lessons that love deceives
- alive enough to have strength to die
- tedious riddles of years ago
- sun was white, few leaves lay on starving sod
1st Date He/She: Wendy Cope
- Deals social conventions of dating
- Witty humour
- Semantic Field of Sight = importance of appearance + them looking @ eachother "glance" "appear" "half-dark"
- Cliches to show ordinary side "lost in the music" "face, it's a picture"
- Short lines + tetrameter = speed and nervousness
- Irony: "trying hard to listen" "quite undistracted by me" = awkwardness
- ABCB rhyme = it is working but still struggling esp with side by side poems= confusion
1st Date He/She Quote Embedding
- She/I said... liked classical music
- In that dress she's very attractive
- A picture of rapt concentration
- Perhaps she's out of my league... impression that my brow was high
- Where are we? I'll have nothing to say.
Valentine: Carol Ann Duffy
- always addresses the overuse of sentimental love images
- from collection, 'Mean Time,' which explores unconventional forms of love + copies other poets who did the same
- Onion extended metaphor that has many layers to show depth of love "i give you an onion"
- simple cliche language + images: "red rose, satin heart, cute card, kissogram" with not so cliche images: "platinum loops... wedding ring" "moon wrapped in brown paper... like the careful ********** of love." "lethal, scent will cling to your knife"
- Monosyllabic to get straight to point = not normal with love confession "Here."
- goes from innocent to "lethal" = reveals her true self and obssession with crush.
Form: Free verse w/ irregular stanzas = not planned + not be restricted to conventions of love
Valentine Quote Embedding
- It will blind you with tears
- Reflection like a wobbling photo of grief
- Here. I'm trying to be truthful. I give you an onion. Take it... if you like.
- ...fingers, cling to your knife.
One Flesh: Elizabeth Jennings
- Religious person, wrote on loss of faith in 1960s --> shown with loss of love here
- Biblical reference used with "one flesh" as did Adam and Eve
- semantic field of distance: "lying apart, separate bed, hardly ever touch" to describe struggling, emotionless relationship
- Juxtapose many ideas: "he with a book, her dreaming; little feeling- or too much; strangely apart yet close together; fire which i came has now grown cold."
- rhyme ABCBAA, couplet in 1st two stanzas but not final = finally separated
- Constant Pentameter = serious subject
Form: - exactly 3 sestets to show very controlling relationship + no excitement.
One Flesh Quote Embedding
- Books he holds unread
- Her eyes fixed on shadows overhead
- Tossed up like flotasm from former passion
- Chastity... a destination... whole lives were preparation
- Time is a feather... do they know they're old
I wanna be yours: John Cooper Clarke
- try to reduce complex ideas on love as a punk poet
- set to music to serenade the loved one
- everyday objects like "vacuum, coffee pot, raincoat" to show lack of seriousness in love and immaturity.
- Colloquialism "i wanna be yours" rushing the poem but also the relationship
- No punctuation: desperate to show love which could be impulsive of him
- Irregular rhyme + rhythm = deviate from norms but also show passionate but technically regular to each individual stanza except final + ABABCCCD = lose self control
Form: 2 octaves, one 13line stanza = desperation take over
i wanna be yours Quote Embedding
- let me be your raincoat
- i will not run out, i dont care, i dont wanna be hers
- let me be your dreamboat, teddybear
- with deep devotion, deep as the deep atlantic ocean, thats how deep my emotion
Love's Dog: Jen Hadfield
- Response poem to Edwin Morgan's : "what i hate about love is its dog" which shows effort of love + deliberation needed
- Metaphors to show different aspects of love i.e:
- loves physical display of love : "what i love is its petting zoo and zookeeper- you"
- hates when its boring and dull: "i loate is its burnt toast and bonemeal"
- Parallelism: its either "what i love or hate" to convey that there is emotions for both the positives and negatives... breaks when loathe is mentioned = hints her relationship right now
- Cyclical: stuck in regret "what i love, what i hate" doesn't know what to do with these feelings
Form: - no rhythm + 8 couplet rhyme = confused + unpredictable ideas show reality.
Love's Dog Quote Embedding
- diagnosis; prognosis
- mememe; eatmedrinkme
- petting zoo; zookeeper you
- truth serum; shrink potion
- doubloons; birdbones
- boil-wash; spin-cycle
- burnt toast and bonemeal; bent cigarette
- pirate; sick parrot
Nettles: Vernon Scannell
- Fought + deserted army twice = experience would make him more agressive + lash out
- son was killed during war too = a very personal topic that could trigger his anger
- enlisted in 1940 at 18 years old = lost part of his childhood
- simple vocabulary mixes with semantic words of military: "green spears, regiment of spite, burn the fallen dead, tall recruits." "honing the blade" seems vengeful here.
- "my son" turns to "my boy" gets the reader to understand his pain
- "white blisters on skin" to tall recruits = zoom out panning = we see all of the intimacy
Structure + Form
- One stanza (so much to say) of 4 Quatrains with ABAB (disguises the very serious matter with a mundane situation and simple rhyme) and constant iambic pentameter (constant frustration) except "And went outside and slashed in fury with it" and rhyme with "... then i lit"
The Manhunt: Simon Armitage
Context + ideas:
- Based on his documentary "the forgotten heroes" for PTSD of war - could show his pacifism
- Laura reads for Eddie in Bosnia - still recovering from 3 year war = scary
- break off from Yugoslavia in 1990s =how conflict could lead to loss of allies and friendship
- Soldier doesnt want to show his weakness - difficult to "trace his scares back to the source"
- Be patient and still love as wife "explores" his "grazed heart" (literal/figurative) w "foetus of metal" - foetus turns to a baby- changes one's life like how this injury will change theirs.
- "handle and hold, mind and attend, trace, explore" wife shows concern for him
- "blown hinge of broken jaw" -> "climb rungs of his broken ribs" she was able to follow path
- 13 Rhyme couplets w/ many failing+ no rhythm = fragmented, unstable mental state of man
My Father Would Not Show Us: Ingrid De Kok
- Rainer Rilke quote "which way do we face to talk to the dead" who writes about life, death and existence.
- Very young when father died = very shocking for her
- 1948 - 94: apartheid in South Africa. Father could have been involved in political problems
- "fathers face, 5 days dead" "Inverted face" "wry smile, his half turned face" - still w/ her. Half turned = hiding secret like illness till he finally "turns away" showing death
- morgue is "cold in here" could be due to there being no life or world has become emotionless
Structure + form:
- Free verse to express deep sadness
- repetition of the title shows anger or frustration but turns into "could" = understand that his lack of emotions OR doesnt want to ruin last moments