Corruption in the church existed, as in every other church in Europe
- Lack of celibacy amongst the clergy
All the spanish monarchs were extremelt dvout, and wanted to reform the church.
Ferdinand and Isabella
- Little need for reform- no lutheranism
- Erasmiunism allowed, humanism flourished- Cisneros was a humanist
- They nominated suitable reforming clergy to high positions, e.g. Cisnero and Talavera
- Cisneros purged religious houses of Convectuals and ordered visitations
- Cisneros set up Uni of Alcala in 1508
- Polyglot bible encouraged
- HOWEVER, what F&I achieved in their reign was limited.
- Erasmianism became associated with Lutheranism which was heresy. Therefore there was little reform as no-one wanted to be seen to ahve humanist sympathies.
- Vergara and other Erasmians were interrogated in the 30s. As a result of the witch hunt academic life suffered.
- Illuminists(alumbrados) set up by isabella de la cruz. They were mystics, thery threatened the need for Priests. In 1524 they were supressed by the inquisition.
- Culture suffered throughout Charles' reign as a result.
Why did Lutheranism not settle in Spain?
- Geographic reasons
- Mystical tradition not worried about doctrine
- the inquisition as a national institution
- Purity of the blood (Limpieza de san)
- In 1557-8 2 calvinist cells were discovered in seville and valladolid
- Philip carries on the censorship of his father, e.g studying abroad was forbidden
- Reform had to wait for the tridentine decrees to be approved of by Philip
- 22 seminaries were organised to train priests
- massive reorganisation of dioceses
- Visistations demanded
- priests had to give sermons regularly
Overall, Philip left Spain more reformed than when he inherited, but it wasn't completely reformed.