reducing the risk of CVD
some ways to reduce the risk of developing CVD are:
- stopping smoking.
- maintaining a good blood pressure.
- maintaining a low blood cholesterol level.
- maintinging a normal BMI/ low waist-to-hip ratio.
- more physical exersise.
- moderate or no use of alcohol.
controlling blood pressure
if a person is diagnosed with high blood pressure the the person would be reccommended to change their diet and lifestyle.
people who have high blood pressure may be prescribed medication.
Ace inhibitors for high blood pressure.
ACE inhibitors are effective antihypertensivce drugs that reduce the synthesis of angiotensin 11.
angiotensin 11 causes vasoconstriction of blood vessels to help control blood pressure.
The ACE inhibitors prevent the hormone being produced from an inactive form, angiotensin 1, thus reducing vasoconstriction and lowering blood pressure.
side affects include a dry cough, dizziness, abnormal heart rhythms and reduction in the function of the kidney.
calcium channel blockers for controlling blood pre
calcium channel blockers are antihypertensive drugs that block calcium channels in muscle cells in the lining of arteries.
for the muscle to contract calcium must pass through these channels in muscle cells.
so failure for calcium to enter the cells prevents the muscle from contracting so the blood vesels do not contrict and blood pressure is lowered.
side affects include headaches, diziness, and swollen ankles due to build up of fluid in the legs.
Diuretics for controlling blood pressure.
Diuretics increase the volume of urine produced by the kidneys and get rid of more excess fluids from the body.
this leads to a decrease in plasma volume which lowers blood pressure.
side affects can be dizziness, nausea or muscle cramps.