B) Buffers this is where individuals are protected from having to confront the consequences of their actions.
A) Agentic shift this results when a person is given the opportunity to shift responsibility for their actions onto the authority figure.
G) Gradual commitment The experimenter's order moved slowly from reasonable to unreasonable. Participants didn't notice when they were behaving in an unreasonable fashion. "foot in door effect".
S) Socio-cultural factors Experience has taught us that authorities are generally trustworthy and legitimate.