Reasons for early involvement in Vietnam

These revision cards should hopefully help with reasons for early involvement in Vietnam.

Reasons for early American involvement.

Economic and Ideological reasons:

  • Communism is a threat to the US trade and Democracy.
  • Therefore a threat to the safety and wellbeing of America.

Containment Policy

  • Truman feared expansion and conflict from Communism
  • Into China and East Europe, Greece, Iran, Turkey.
  • Truman believed Ho Chi Minh would become puppet to Russian Gov. Kremlin.

US Hostility to China

  • 1949 Communist revolution under Chairman Maos, illustrated Communist expansion in Asia.
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Reasons for early American involvement #2

McCarthy Hysteria and Korean War

  • In 1950, Senator Joseph McCarthy began whipping up a frenzy; fear of communists in the USA.
  • In the Korean War, China poured troops into Korea, and American fears of Chinese expansion were confirmed.

Value of French

  • Even before the Korean War, America conclued that the French were invaluable allies against communism in Indochina and Europe.
  • France was also very important to the stability of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation)

By the end of 1950, The USA had given France $100million, aircraft, patrol boats, napalm bombs, and ground combat machinery. Truman had got the USA involved in French dominated Vietnam.

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