Reaching a Verdict
- Stages and influences on decision making- Hastie
- Majority Influence- Asch
- Minority Influence- Moscovici
- Orientation Period: Setting of the agenda, relaxed and open discussion and airing of different opinions.
- Open Confrontation Period: Fierce debate, focus on the details of the crime, exploring different interpretations, pressure on the minority to conform and establishing of support for the group decision.
- Reconciliation Period: Once a decision is reached, there is an attempt to smooth over the conflicts that emerged during the confrontation period.
Aim: Investigate extent to which social pressure from a mojority group could affect a person to conform
Procedure: Lab experiment; 123 male students from Swarthmroe College; Used a vision test; He put Naive individual in a room with 4-6 confederates; Each confederate had to give a verbal repsonse to which of the lines A,B,C was most like target line; All have the wrong answer; Real participant at the end of the row gave incorrect answer 12 out of 18 trials
Results: 32% gave incorrect answer on critical trials
Conclusion: 2 Reasons for conforming:
- Want to fit in with the group = Normative influences
- Group better informed than they are = Informational influences
Aim: To exmaine minority influence and compare impact of consistent minority and inconsistent minority on the views of the majority
Method: Experimental method
Procedure: Eye test to make sure they were not colour blind; Placed in a group of 6, 4, 2 confederates; Shown 36 slides of different shaded of blue and asked to state colour aloud; Participants told experiment was based on colour perception; Confederates consistant and answered green in 1st part; 2nd part = inconsistant and answered green 24 times and blue 12 times
Results: Minority can influence majority; Much more effective when minority are consistent
Conclusion: Consistency is vital for minority influence to occur; If minority consistantly give same answer they are more likely to sway a majority